Broccoli can be grown anywhere except in the hottest
and coldest climates, but does require cool weather to reach
maturity. Ideal temperatures are not more than 77 degrees
during the day and not less than 60 degrees at night.
Plant in a well drained, sunny location. Broccoli can be
planted in containers outdoors. Soil should be of a pH between
6.5 and 7.5. Prepare the bed with manures and compost and
provide extra nitrogen supplement if the soil is sandy.
Sow seeds « inch deep. After thinning, plants should be
about 10 inches apart. Successive sowings should occur at one
month intervals. If starting seeds indoors, use 4 inch peat
pots and transplant when 4 true leaves have appeared (6-8 weeks
after planting.) The plant grows quickly, so keep soil moist by
frequent watering, if necessary. It requires less water as
heads begin to mature.
Seed Depth: 1/2" (6mm)
Germination soil temperature: 80 F (27C)
Days to Germination: 4-7
Sow indoors: 6-8 weeks before last frost
Sow outdoors: Early summer for fall crop
pH range: 6.5-7.5
Growing soil temperature: 60-65F (16-18C)
Spacing in beds: 16" (40cm), staggered pattern, 3 rows to a
wide (36"; 0.9m) bed.
Informative articles found on the
To Cook Broccoli
Packman is a hybrid type that has large, bright green, mildly flavored domed heads that rise above the foliage for an easy harvest. An early variety especially suited to the North.
Cooks love it because the heads keep well in the fridge and freezer. Vitamin rich.
FB106 Decicco Italian Sprouting
Italian multi-cut type, great for sprouting, untreated seed, long harvest period, 48 days.
F1 High dome head, for fresh market or processing, good cold and disease tolerance, for summer/fall/winter, 68 days.
SF173 Early Dividend
F1 Early, this variety has good side shoot production after the main head is cut. It is vitamin rich and very flavorful. Harvest in only 45 days.
(Rapini) Robust flavor, more bite than Broccoli, 60 days.
A most unusual broccoli, it is also closely related to the cauliflower. In fact, it's an edible flower from the family that includes broccoli, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, and cabbage. It tastes very similar to cauliflower, but with a slightly nuttier, earthier flavor. You can use it as you would cauliflower in recipes, and it holds up to many different cooking methods.
Italian, lime green, great taste and texture, excellent for cool areas, 85 days.
3268 Green Magic
Summer type, excellent holder, uniform, semi-dome blue green head, medium small bead, mildew resistant, 59 days.
Open pollinated. 85 days. A compact, stocky, 20" plant with
dark blue-green solid heads. Bears a large crop of side shoots.
Best for late summer and fall harvest. Developed to withstand
the cold temperatures of fall and can survive dry spells. For a
spring crop start seeds indoors 6-8 weeks before the last frost
and transplant outside 2 weeks before the last frost. For a
fall crop direct seed in the garden in later spring or early
summer. Set plants 18" apart.
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IP046 English Violet
British heirloom bred for overwintering for early spring sprouting, purple sprouts, delicious.
3510 Baby Broccoli Aspabroc ( Broccolini )
Aspabroc is the original Broccolini®, developed more than 20 years ago and often imitated since. It is a cross of two types of broccoli: Italian Sprouting and Chinese Kale or Gai Lan, a leafy, thick-stemmed type with fabulous flavor. Aspabroc takes its name from the asparagus look and texture of its slender, succulent stems, but this is 100% broccoli, with a peppery-sweet bite you will savor.
This gourmet variety is delicious from top to bottom, with really exceptional flavor and texture. But what you may appreciate just as much, as a gardener, is its yields. Once you harvest the central crown (which you can do at about 50 days; it will be small but scrumptious!), about 5 or 6 side-shoots will appear. A little more than a week later, these can be harvested as well, so that new ones grow. The process repeats for more than a month! That's an amazing harvest from every plant, and the later side-shoots are just as delectable as the first ones.
Unlike traditional broccoli, Aspabroc has tender stems all the way to the ground, with small, delicious leaves. Occasionally a rogue yellow flower will set, especially if you are growing this broccolini®, in late spring in a warm climate. Go ahead and eat the flower, too -- you'll be surprised at how good it is! And the stems are slender and smooth, so you need never peel or chop them.
The key to harvesting Aspabroc is to cut that central crown as soon as it's formed. This will lead to great side-shoot production. After that, you're fixed up for great eating for many weeks to come!
Asprabroc is a fine crop for spring or fall. It is not as frost-tolerant as traditional heading broccoli might be, but in fall it can be grown right up to hard frost or placed in a cold frame. It is an excellent performer in spring. This plant reaches about 20 to 24 inches high, and should be spaced about 8 to 10 inches apart in the garden. Suitable for containers too, of course!
60 days from transplanting.
3600 Baby Broccoli Gai Lan ( Broccolini )
This baby broccoli it has a different texture and taste. Compared to the bitter flavor of regular broccoli, this Broccolini is more mild, with a sweet, earthy taste.
And while it can be eaten raw, Gai Lan is best when cooked. It can be sautèed, steamed, roasted, and grilled.