Our Favorite Acacias

Acacias are easily grown trees native to Australia where they are known as Wattles. Almost all acacia make good container plants inside and all can be raised outside in warmer climates. Below are some of our favorites:

JF343 Whipstick Wattle Acacia adsurgens
Australian native with attractive blue/green leaflets presenting a feathery effect. A shrubby grower to about 12 feet tall. Branching is lightly whorled with a delicate upward sweep having paired thorns. Beautiful yellow flowers in a miniature bottle brush look. Good greenhouse/container plant that can be raised inside anywhere or outside in zones 8-10.
  Package of 5 seeds $2.50
D2957 Apple Ring Acacia Acacia albida
A large tree to 60 ft. with blue feathery foliage. Large spikes of creamy yellow flowers. Good for enriching the soil. Prefers sandy soils. Pods readily eaten by game and stock, and leaves eaten by all farm animals except horses. No recorded indications of poisoning. Highly promising as a forage plant in areas with a prolonged dry season. A full-grown tree able to produce well over 100 kg of pods a year. Bark contains 28% tannin. Good greenhouse/container plant that can be raised inside anywhere or outside in zones 8-10.
  Package of 5 seeds $2.50
2182 Prairie Acacia Acacia angustissima
White 1/2 - 1" puff-like flowers tinged pink or lavender, with yellow stamens, May to July. Shrub to 5 feet with feathery bipinnate leaves. Missouri to Costa Rica. The bark is used for tanning and is added to fermenting drinks. The most northerly and probably the most hardy of our native Acacias.
  Package of 10 seeds $2.50
TRM092 Flamethorn Acacia ataxancantha
A scrambling shrub or climber with long slender branches, yellow-brown bark, with light brown slash. Flowers 4-8 cm long, dense, subsessile in axillary white spikes. Much used for making impenetrable live fences. Long, straight shoots used as walking sticks, bows, poles. Bark used for ropes. Ethno-medicine against syphilis, boils, helminthiasis and wound treatment, headache, toothache, respiratory diseases.
  Package of 5 seeds $2.50
2180 Earleaf Acacia Acacia auriculiformis
Fast growing small tree to 95 feet and 2 feet thick. Has flat, 8" leaves, short spikes of flowers and much-twisted pods. N. Australia, New Guinea. Excellent for tropical reforestation. It has been known to grow 19 feet in 2 years, and 55 feet in 8 years. Fast growing even in poor clay or sand soils. Builds soils by fixing nitrogen, and can smother Imperata grass. Produces up to 20 cubic meters of firewood or pulpwood per hectare per year. Stands soil ranging from pH 9.0 to 3.0, and rainfall from arid to 8 feet per year. Exudes a clear gum with unusual properties which may become economically valuable. Zone 10 and higher.
  Package of 10 seeds $2.50
D1164 Golden Mimosa Acacia baileyana
Small graceful tree well adapted to growing inside. Has such a profusion of beautiful flowers that they seem to cover the entire plant. Cold hardy to 18 degrees outside. Good greenhouse/container plant that can be raised inside anywhere or outside in zones 8-10.
  Package of 5 seeds $1.95

BM03 Purple Leaf Acacia Acacia baileyana atropurpurea
An excellent new addition to our acacia selections. This is a fast growing evergreen, medium sized tree with silvery blue-gray feathery leaves that are tinged with purple when emerging, only new growth has this purple color. Will grow about feet tall and as wide as the plant is tall, with weeping branches. Nice, sweet fragrant bright golden yellow flowers, in small globose clusters appear in late winter through early spring. Hardy to 15-20 degrees F.
  Package of 10 seeds $2.95
TRM119 Black Monkey Thorn Acacia burkei
The Black Monkey Thorn tree (Afrikaans name Swartapiesdoring) is is a semi-deciduous tree. Semi-deciduous plants lose their foliage for a very short period, when old leaves fall off and new foliage growth is starting. Semi-deciduous may also describe mild-weather trees that lose leaves in a manner similar to deciduous trees in an especially cold autumn – as is the case with the black monkey thorn tree.
Growing up to 25m tall, acacia burkei is mildly frost resistant and does well in all types of well-drained soil. As a bonsai specimen, care should be taken not to expose the trees to extreme weather conditions. Saplings should be protected from frost for at least the first year to prevent damage or killing the tree. During harsh winter periods, black monkey thorn should be moved to a more sheltered area to avoid being killed by frost.
One of the most distinctive chartacteristics of A. Burkei is its strongly hooked, blackish-brown thorns, in pairs just below the nodes. The leaves consist of 3-5 pinnae (a pinnae consists of a leaflet or primary division of a pinnately compound leaf), with 4-10 leaflets per pinna.
The Black Monkey thorns’ habitat consists mainly of sandy soild with hot and dry deciduous woodland, and can be found from Kwazulu-Natal to Swaziland, Mozambique and South East Zimbabwe – they can be found up to an altitude of 400 metres. A. Burkei was named after botanist and collector Joseph Burke (1812 – 1873), who collected these trees in the northen parts of South Africa. It’s timber has been used for furniture manufacture. Being termite resistant it was also used for fence poles. The leaves and the highly nutritional pods are eaten by game.
The Black Monkey Thorn makes a very attractive, and is very easy to grow and maintain as, a bonsai. A. Burkei has a beautifully textured trunk and an average branching habit.
  Package of 5 seeds $2.50
2179 Wadalee Gum Acacia catecu
An attractive tree from India with short hooked spines and yellow flowers., growing to about 20 ft. tall. The leaves and small lower branches eaten by cattle. Heartwood yields important khaki dye.
The wood of Acacia catechu is light to dark red, darkening upon exposure. It is smooth and lustrous, taking a fine polish, with a coarse texture and close, straight grain. It is strong, very hard, heavy and durable. It is difficult to work, due to its hardness and extractive content. It has a high specific gravity of 0.98, with a weight of 61 pounds per cubic foot.
Wadalee is a multipurpose tree, whose wood extractives are used for tanning, dyeing (khaki), treating fishing nets and sails, medicinally (keersal – a pale crystalline deposit) and as a masticatory with pan or betel-leaf (kath). A pale yellow mucilaginous gum exudes from the tree, yielding one of the best substitutes for true gum arabic.
The wood is used for structural work, house-posts, wells, agricultural implements, rice pestles, cane crushers, oil mills, clod crushers, hookah stems, bows, spear handles, tools and tool handles, sword handles, rolling pins, flutes, furniture, boats, firewood and charcoal for goldsmiths and wheel teeth and spokes.
  Package of 10 seeds $2.50
2394 Small Phillipine Acacia Acacia confusa
Shrub to small tree, of thick slightly pendulous foliage. This evergreen tree is prized by many for its brilliant display of bright yellow, mimosoid flowers and its ability to grow in poor, dry soils. It reaches heights of 15 m and shades out most other plants. The leaves are apparently allelopathic since the ground underneath these trees is barren of weeds. Zones 9-11.
  Package of 10 seeds $2.50
BM04 Knife Leaf Acacia Acacia cultriformis
An excellent xeriscape, drought resistant multi-trunk small tree growing to about 15 feet tall and as wide. Has gray-green leaves and fragrant yellow rounded flowers form in clusters in spring. Needs well draining soil, does not tolerate standing water. Plant in full sun to light shade. Somewhat frost resistant. Flowers in spring make for great cut flower arrangements. Cold hardy to 20-25 degrees F.
  Package of 10 seeds $2.95
D9802 Blue Leaf Wattle Acacia cyanophylla
Shrubby plant that can be grown as a hedge in warm climates or grown inside in containers. Only reaches 10 ft.outside. Features bluish tinted leaves to 12" long and loads of yellow flowers. Good greenhouse/container plant that can be raised inside anywhere or outside in zones 8-10.
  Package of 5 seeds $2.50
2184 Coastal Wattle Acacia cyclops
Yellow flowered shrubby tree to 10' with numerous narrow phyllodes, twisted pods. Good hedge plant.
  Package of 10 seeds $2.50
TRM225 Corky Thorn Acacia davyi
An attractive Acacia for small gardens planted in sun or semi-shade. Attracts birds and insects to the garden. Hardy, drought resistant, deciduous, with distinctive yellow or light brown corky bark on the stems and branches. It has clusters of bright yellow puffball flowers on the ends of the branches in early spring. These are followed by bunches of long narrow pods. Zones 8-10.
  Package of 5 seeds $2.95
RHP001 Silver Wattle Acacia dealbata
Grows to 30m with silver-gray bark. Flowers strongly scented. Good greenhouse/container plant that can be raised inside anywhere or outside in zones 8-10.
  Package of 5 seeds $2.50

H901 Wattle Bark Acacia decurrens
The bark of this beautiful tree is used to make a decoction that is useful for diarrhea, sore throats and as a gargle. Even without its medical properties, this tree should be in everyone's yard for its ornamental value. Zones 8-10
  Package of 10 seeds $2.50
D2932 Perfume Acacia Acacia farnesiana
A beautiful shrub that flowers profusely. The flowers are so fragrant, they are used to make perfume in France, especially on the Riviera. You should have this plant in your garden. Good greenhouse/container plant that can be raised inside anywhere or outside in zones 8-10. Cannot ship to PR
  Package of 5 seeds $2.50
NW46 Profuse Flowering Acacia Acacia floribunda
In case you haven't guessed from the name, this is a very heavy blooming shrub. Has beautiful foliage as well. Good container plant. Beautiful fragrant flowers. Good greenhouse/container plant that can be raised inside anywhere or outside in zones 8-10.
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TRM091 Paper Bark Acacia Acacia gerrardii
Acacia gerrardii can grow to a mature height of 30' to 35' feet and as wide. In natural setting it is found in arid river valleys or shrubby uplands. Its growth rate and overall appearance is similar to that of Sweet Acacia (Acacia smallii).
Like the Sweet Acacia, it also produces a scattered shade but has leaves that are slightly larger. White colored 1/4 to 1/2 inch diameter flowers appear in spring that develop into curved, gray, velvety seed pods.
On young trees thorns are numerous, found in pairs and are bright white making them easily visible. These thorns are very superficial and as the branch matures the thorns are sloughed off as layers of papery brown to tan bark peels off. Mature trunks and branches are almost thorn free. The leaf canopy is broad and may be either flat topped or dome shaped. Grey-haired Acacia is temperature deciduous and in colder locations will lose all its leaves in winter.
It is hardy to at least 20 degrees F and sustained only minor damage from temperatures as low as 15 F.
Its unusual papery bark, ample shade and spring flowers make Acacia gerrardii an excellent tree to mix with more traditional arid landscape species in both formal and more naturalistic desert landscape designs.
 5 seeds $2.95
TRM120 Blade Thorn Acacia fleckii
"Blade thorn" grows to be a 10m high tree, grey to cream flaky bark, hooked thorns, greyish velvety leaves which give tree open airy appearance, white flowers on spikes in Summer-Autumn. Sow Spring. Zone 10.
 5 seeds $2.95
TRM121 Horned Thorn Acacia grandicornuta
Grows to 10m, round-topped tree, black bark, white balls of flowers Summer. Sow Spring. Zone 10. Native to South Africa.
This item is currently out of stock, if you would like to be notified by E-mail when it becomes available again, simply enter your E-mail address in the field below and hit "Submit".
TRM268 Camel Thorn Acacia giraffe
A large umbrella shaped tree with feathery foliage. Seeds have been used as a coffee substitute. From the African Savannah's where it a favorite browse of elephants, giraffe, and elks. Heartwood is so hard that sparks have been known to fly when it is struck with an ax. Good greenhouse/container plant that can be raised inside anywhere or outside in zones 8-10.
This item is currently out of stock, if you would like to be notified by E-mail when it becomes available again, simply enter your E-mail address in the field below and hit "Submit".
RDP005 Fish Poison Wattle Acacia holosericea
Called Fish Poison Wattle because in it's native land, the plant is used as a way of harvesting fish from a waterhole by using leaves which give off noxious substances when soaked in water. This stuns the fish making them "drunk" so that they float to the surface or onto the bank where they can be collected. Fish collected in this way are safe to eat, or so we are told, we did find a reference to this at http://reocities.com/Athens/delphi/2970/a_holose.htm, but we of course do not recommend this plant be used for any such purposes.
It is a 20' tall shrubby tree with triangular shaped branchlets with wide phyllodes obovate to 6". Flowerheads are 2" long yellow spikes. Produces twisted fruits. Zone 9 or higher.
  Package of 5 seeds, $2.50
RHP003 Braidwood Wattle Acacia kybeansis
Evergreen bush will grow from 4'-6' wide, into a small tree about 20 feet tall, gray leaves, with spines on branches. Brilliant yellow flower ball in spring, you simply have to see it to believe how beautiful it is. Use as backdrop specimen. Established in Northern Arizona. Will tolerate cold and some snow.
  Package of 5 seeds $2.50
JF344 White Bark Acacia Acacia leucophloea
Native to Java, this is a large thorny tree attaining a height of 100 feet. Trunk stout, dividing into several large diameter branches. Open-grown specimens have a characteristic wide umbrella-like crown. Bark white to yellowish gray, smooth, exfoliating in long strips, on old trees becoming black and rough. Leaves bipinnately compound, with 4-13 pairs of pinnae, each with 5-30 pairs of leaflets. Circular glands found on the rachis below the junction of paired-pinnae. The feathery green foliage offers a strong contrast to the light-coloured bark. Spines 2-5 mm long, at the base of leaves. Flowers conspicuous, light-yellow to cream in color.
Food: The germinated seeds are cooked and eaten as a vegetable. They contain crude protein 27 percent dry matter. The other major nutrient contents are crude lipid 5 percent, crude fibre 7 percent, ash 4 percent and total crude carbohydrates, 58 percent. The seeds are a rich source of minerals such as calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron and manganese.
A. leucophloea is an important dry-season fodder and pasture tree throughout its range. Leaves, tender shoots and pods are eagerly consumed by goats, sheep and cattle. Leaves contain 15 percent crude protein and 19 percent crude fiber. However, due to hydrocyanic acid toxicity A. leucophloea should not be used as a sole feed. Fuel: It is appreciated as firewood and is suitable for charcoal production. Fibre: Fibres from the inner bark are used to make fish nets and rough rope. Timber: Its wood is strong, heavy and hard, density 720-890 kg/cu m at 15 percent moisture content. It seasons well and takes a good polish. The brick-red heartwood is very beautiful and is used to make decorative furniture. The pale yellow sapwood is perishable. The utilization of this species is limited because its wood has irregular interlocked grain, a rough texture and is difficult to work.
Commodities produced from the wood include poles, farming implements, carts, wheels, turnery, indoor construction timbers, flooring and furniture. Gum or resin: A water-soluble gum of fair quality can be extracted from the stem and root bark. Tannin or dyestuff: The leaves yield a black dye and the bark produces a reddish-brown substance used to manufacture dyes and tannins. The bark is used to distill liquor in India. Gum is used medicinally.
Shade or shelter: During dry seasons, this tree protects livestock and understory pasture from excessive temperatures. The tree is suitable as a firebreak due to its fire resistance. Reclamation: A. leucophloea is a good reforestation species for poor soils in low rainfall areas. Nitrogen fixing: It fixes atmospheric nitrogen through a symbiotic relationship with Rhizobium bacteria which enables it to survive on infertile sites. Ornamental: The vivid colors of its leaves, flowers and bark make A. leucophloea a beautiful, yet underutilized, ornamental tree. Intercropping: Interplanting A. leucophloea at low densities with crops or pasture grasses can benefit both crops and trees. Good greenhouse/container plant that can be raised inside anywhere or outside in zones 8-10.
This item is currently out of stock, if you would like to be notified by E-mail when it becomes available again, simply enter your E-mail address in the field below and hit "Submit".
D9801 Silkleaf Acacia Acaca mangium
A very popular acacia that we've received many requests for. Sports 8" curved blue/grey leaves with long yellow racemes of yellow flowers. Good greenhouse/container plant that can be raised inside anywhere or outside in zones 8-10.
This item is currently out of stock, if you would like to be notified by E-mail when it becomes available again, simply enter your E-mail address in the field below and hit "Submit".
RHP004 Late Black Wattle Acacia mearnsii
An upright spreading tree from southeastern Australia. Short trunk, blackish bark and a wide leafy crown of shiny, dark green leaves. Covered with clusters of pale yellow globular flowers in late spring to early summer. An excellent shade tree growing about 25 feet tall. Zones 8-11. Cannot ship to HI
  Package of 5 seeds $2.50
D7811 Blackwood Acacia Acacia melanoxylon
From Tasmania. Large tree with cream colored flowers and unique reddish-brown pods. This is a wonderful shade tree that compliments any lawn. Zones 8-11.
  Package of 20 seeds $2.50
W166 Scented Thorn Acacia Acacia nilotica
An easy to grow acacia reaching about 25 feet tall when mature. In part of its range smallstock consume the pods and leaves, but elsewhere it is also very popular with cattle. Pods are used as a supplement to poultry rations in India. Dried pods are particularly sought out by animals on rangelands. In India branches are commonly lopped for fodder. Pods are best fed dry as a supplement, not as a green fodder.
Trees used in Sudan for afforestation of inundated areas. Sapwood is yellowish-white, heartwood reddish-brown, hard, heavy, durable, difficult to work, though taking a high polish. Because of its resins, it resists insects and water, and trees are harvested for the timber for boat-making, posts, buildings, water-pipes, well-planking, plows, cabinet-work, wheels, mallets and other implements. Wood yields excellent firewood and charcoal.
A. nilotica makes a good protective hedge because of its thorns. Hardy to zone 8 when mature, but young seedlings are frost sensitive.
  Package of 5 seeds $2.25
2188 Fragrant Queensland Wattle Acacia podalyrifolia
This large shrub, or slender small tree is highly valued for its decorative, rounded, silvery phyllodes and profuse, fragrant golden flower balls, in clusters that cover the tree from early winter into spring. Zones 9-11
  Package of 10 seeds $2.50
D9803 Vanilla Wattle Acacia redolens var. prosata
A fast growing wattle with blue/grey foliage and weeping habit. Flowers and wood have sweet vanilla aroma. Good greenhouse/container plant that can be raised inside anywhere or outside in zones 8-10.
  Package of 5 seeds $2.50
2186 Goldenwreath Wattle Acacia saligna
A fast growing small tree to about 20 feet wit a spreading crown, pendulous reddish branches, and blue-green long curved leaves. Named for it's bright yellow to orange flower heads in later winter-spring that are used to make natural wreaths. Zones 9-11.
  Package of 10 seeds $2.50
D9640 Gum Arabic Acacia senegal
Few people know that this tree produces the flavoring for most popular soda pops including the top two sellers. Besides that, it is a beautiful tree with a flatten crown and attractive grey-green foliage. Will grow to 30' outside or can be container raised inside. Good greenhouse/container plant that can be raised inside anywhere or outside in zones 8-10.
  Package of 3 seeds $2.50
2190 Paperbark Thorn Acacia sieberiana
A flat topped tree from Ghana. Blue grey pinnate leaves, cream flowers. The name Paperbark Thorn comes from the flaking, peeling bark of the tree. The thin canopy allows a good lawn to be grown under the plant, making it a good yard specimen.
  Package of 10 seeds $2.50
2189 Umbrella Thorn Acacia tortilis
Very fragrant white to pale yellow flowers, on a small tree growing to 25 ft. or more with an umbrella shaped crown. Has spiny branches, seed pods are tightly spiraled. The flower clusters of this tree are most unusual as they hang down from the canopy in large balls. Pick one of these balls and carry it into a room and it will fill the room with a sweet perfume fragrance.
Does very well in arid climates, hardy to 18 degrees.
  Package of 10 seeds $2.50
W158 Prickly Moses Acacai verticillata
Bushy Acacia with pine-like leaves and edible (when cooked) flowers. A small to medium sized bushy tree to 15-20 ft. Tree is a nitrogen-fixer. Hardiness: Tolerates temperatures to the mid to high 20's (F).
Grows well in dry climates. Water occasionally, will tolerate mild droughts. Grows well in most soil types and will stand salt spray. Fast-growing.
Uses: Usually planted as an ornamental, but its flowers are edible and a yellow dye can be obtained from them as well. Crushed roots smell like garlic.
  Package of 10 seeds $2.50