Maple ( Acer ) Seeds
Note: These seeds need to be cold statified before sowing.
We recommend using the Seedman's Cold Stratification Kits for cold stratification.
Tips for propagation by Seed: Most acer seeds often take one to two years to germinate because of an immature embryo and a hardened seed coat. To reduce the waiting period, scarify the seed, then cold stratify for 30 days, then place in damp peat at a temperature of 80 to 90°F for four to five months by which the seed should began to germinate. Place the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle.
ACER10 Trident Maple ( Acer buergerianum )
The trident maple is a very popular species for bonsai, due to
its small, three-lobed leaves, a readily-thickening trunk, and
thick, gnarly roots which adapt well to root-over-rock style. A
small tree, the trident maple usually grows only to 20 ft. in
nature with yellow blooms in early Spring. Hardiness Range: 5A
- 9A, Mature Height Outside: 25' to 50' / 7.60m to 15.20m
Outside Requirements: prefers partial shade or partial sun to
full sun; soil should be moist.
ACER72 Vine Maple ( Acer Circinatum )
Deciduous tree, to 20 meters high, it has a short, crooked trunk, with twisted, spreading limbs and a low, irregularly
shaped crown. The trunk sometimes grows almost horizontally and may root if it touches the ground. Vine maple occurs most
frequently on moist soils, rich in nitrogen, particularly along the banks of streams and wet sites. It can live in the shade
but also occurs in openings in the forest. Vine maple and alder are often the first trees to establish after landslides.
Indians have used vine maple occasionally for bows and frames for fishing nets. Some groups used the wood for making
snowshoes and cradle frames.
Its long straight shoots are appreciated for making an openwork basket with a crossed-warp
twine or a broad-spaced checker board weave. These baskets are used for general household utility, such as carrying wood,
clams, and fish. Some used saplings as swings for baby cradles. Also salmon tongs were made from the wood. In many
places it is used for firewood, and the charcoal was mixed with oil for black paint.
Best suited for zones 7-9.
ACER73 Devil Maple ( Acer diabolicum )
The appeal of this tree is in its large unusual fruit and bark. A rare maple from Japan's southern mountain forests. Aptly named for the spur like 'horn' that curl up at the seed coat base. In spring bright red pendulous flower clusters are very conspicuous and much loved by butterflies and bees. Leaves resemble Acer macrophyllum in shape but just less than half their size. Orange fall display. Moderate sized tree reaching 11m. Heat and flood tolerant. Smooth gray bark becomes pebbled like elephant skin with age.
Best suited for zones 5-9.
ACER30 Snakebark Maple ( Acer Davidii )
Also known as David's Maple. Deciduous tree with attractive
green and white bark. Dark green leaves turn glorious orange in
autumn. Grows to 45 feet outside. This tree has green bark with
thin white stripes. Better grown in partial shade to avoid bark
scald damage by the sun in the Winter.
Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Prefers part shade, particularly in hot summer climates. Also prefers acidic soils that are kept consistently moist. Best performance occurs in cool summer climates such as the Pacific Northwest. Plants do not perform well in the heat and humidity of the deep South. Hardy to zone 5.
ACER70 Paperbark Maple ( Acer Griseum )
This small, deciduous, oval to oval-rounded paperbark maple tree is noted for its peeling, cinnamon to reddish brown bark. Trifoliate leaves are dark green, but turn red in the fall. Seed is a two winged samara.
The paperbark maple is a wonderful small tree for tight spaces. It matures at about 20 to 30 feet and produces an exceptionally attractive, cinnamon to reddish-brown exfoliating bark that provides good winter interest. It has no serious pest problems and develops a reddish fall color matched by few others. Grow in full sun to part shade and medium wet soils. Best suited for zones 4-8.
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ACER71 Flying Moth Maple ( Acer Oblongum )
Not sure where the name Flying Moth comes from, but we suspect it comes from the small, yellow-green flowers, in short clusters, appearing with leaves, it is also known as the Evergreen Maple, it is native of Pakistan and India. The tree grows up to 30 feet tall. It grows in the lower foothills and in moist forests, especially near streams.
The foliage display takes a reddish tint when young and later becomes dark green. The leaves are 5 to 18 cm long and 2-8 cm wide. This maple is considered as evergreen or semi-evergreen. The tree's bark can be smooth or wrinkled and the trunk is irregular at the base. The twigs are red-brownish and slender. It produces small greenish-white flowers with narrow petals. The seeds are produced from October to November.
Acer oblongum likes a partially shaded exposure. It prefers acid and neutral soils that are well-drained. This plant can grow in heavy clay soil. Best suited for zones 7-9.
ACER60 Japanese Maple ( Acer palmatum )
Green leafed, upright Japanese Maple widely used as a landscape
specimen in Japanese gardens. Hardy to zone 5, grows to 30 ft.
tall, but can be grown as an interesting container plant when
ACER61 Japanese Red Maple ( Acer palmatum atropurpurea )
The most sought after maple! Foliage is purplish-red becoming green in late summer,
deeply lobed. Red fall color. Good for zones 5-8 outside, but becoming a favorite indoor
patio plant and bonsai specimen. Insignificant small reddish-purple flowers in May-June.
ACER66 Red Maple ( Acer rubrum )
A small to large tree often planted as an ornamental with
notable variation in size and form depending on its site. While
this tree may attain a height of 120' and grow 5' in diameter
under ideal conditions, it more commonly grows 40'-50' in
height with diameters of 1 1/2' - 2 1/2'. It has a narrow or
rounded compact crown, and due to prolific sprouting, this tree
often grows in clumps of stems from one stump. It also occurs
as a single boled tree. The Red maple is a native American tree
found throughout the eastern United States from the Atlantic
ocean to the prairies, from South Florida to Canada. Although
it is most commonly found on moist bottomlands or in swamps, it
also occurs in drier soils. This versitile tree is suitable for
shade as an ornamental, with the added bonus of adding spring
and fall color. Known as soft maple to the forest products
trade, red maple lumber is used in the furniture industry and
smaller trees are also used to make high quality paper.
Suitable for zones 4-9, this handsome shade tree displays red
coloring during different seasons of the year. It has the
distinction of having the greatest north to south distribution
of all trees on the east coast. Pioneers once made ink and
cinnamon-brown and black dyes from an extract of the bark. Red
maple is prized as an ornamental shade tree because of its
rapid growth, highly colored flowers and fruit and spectacular
ACER91 Silver Maple ( Acer saccharum )
The silver maple is often planted as an ornamental tree because of its rapid growth and ease of propagation and transplanting. It is highly tolerant of urban situations, and is frequently planted next to streets. However, its quick growth produces brittle wood, and is commonly damaged in storms. The silver maple's root system is shallow and fibrous, and easily invades septic fields and old drain pipes; it can also crack sidewalks and foundations.
It is a vigorous resprouter, and if not pruned, will often grow with multiple trunks. Although it naturally is found near water, it can grow on drier ground if planted there. In ideal natural conditions, A. saccharinum may live up 130 years, but in urban environments often 80 or less.
Following WWII, silver maples were commonly used as a landscaping and street tree in suburban housing developments and cities due to their rapid growth, especially as a replacement for the blighted American Elm.
Wildlife uses the silver maple in various ways. In many parts of the eastern U.S., the large rounded buds are one of the primary food sources for squirrels during the spring, after many acorns and nuts have sprouted and the squirrels' food is scarce.
The seeds are also a food source for squirrels, chipmunks and birds. The bark can be eaten by beaver and deer. The trunks tend to produce cavities, which can shelter squirrels, raccoons, opossums, owls and woodpeckers.
Native Americans used the sap of wild trees to make sugar, as medicine, and in bread. They used the wood to make baskets and furniture. An infusion of bark removed from the south side of the tree is used by the Mohegan for cough medicine.
Best suited for zones 3-9.
ACER86 Florida Sugar Maple ( Acer saccharum floridanum )
This tree is very similar to the sugar maple (Acer saccharum), which occurs farther north in the Appalachians. It is a smaller tree than the sugar maple with a similar large, dense, round crown.
The bark is light gray and smooth, becoming darker, thicker, and more furrowed as the tree matures. Makes an excellent shade tree. It is a source of maple sugar. Has wonderful fall colors. One of the best maples for the south.
Best suited for zones 7-9.