Beets are popular in the home garden because they are
relatively easy to grow and practically the whole plant can be
eaten. Beets can be grown for their root qualities which
include different shapes and sizes as well as red, yellow or
white colors. The tops or greens, when young, are excellent in
salads and when the plant is older, can be cooked. The greens
are even more nutritious than the roots.
Beets prefer a cooler climate although they are tolerant of
heat. Temperatures of 60 to 65 F and bright sunny days are
ideal for beet plant growth and development. They can withstand
cold weather short of severe freezing, making them a good
Beets prefer loose, well-drained soils but will tolerate a
wide range. Remove stones and debris since this will hinder
growth. In high clay soils, add organic matter to improve soil
structure and to help avoid crusting after rainfall. Beets also
make an excellent raised bed crop since soils are generally
less compacted and there is less foot traffic. Beets are also
sensitive to soil acidity. A low soil pH results in stunted
growth. They prefer a pH of 6.2 to 6.8 and will tolerate 6.0 to
Seed Depth: ½" (13mm)
Germination soil temperature: 75-85º F (24-29ºC)
Days to Germination: 5
Sow indoors: 5 weeks before last frost
Sow outdoors: 3-4 weeks before last frost
pH range: 6.5-7.5
Growing soil temperature: 65-75º F (18-24ºC)
Spacing in beds: For greens, 2" (5cm) for summer use 3" (7.5
cm), for storage 4" (10cm)
Informative articles found on the
Recipes for Health
Benefits of Beets
The Wonders of Beets
FB108 Ruby Queen
Round root, smooth shoulder, small tap root, fine buttery smooth red interior, extra short tops, 55 days.
TCB014 Egyptian Turnip Rooted Beetroot
Introduced before 1885, this is a somewhat unusual variety in that the roots are rounded and flattened and grow almost entirely above ground; indeed turnip-shaped. They have very smooth, violet or slate-red skin and deep purple-red flesh of excellent flavor.
A 'must-have' very early beet with a flat dark red root with purple flesh, sweet, very flavorful. This beet is a classic in European cuisine, and is a proven performer not easily improved on. 55 days.
FB109 Red Ace
F1, fast growing, smooth root, heat resistant, mid-size crown, harvest short tops for greens, 53 days.
IM129 Bulls Blood
Dual Purpose ornamental and edible, large deep red foliage, tolerates low light, 35-60 days.
Rare pure white conical root, nutritious, green top, 80 days.
Red Improved Hybrid
An old time favorite made even better! This one has excellent
color, flavor and shape and produces in only 58 days.
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Burpee's, round orange roots which turn golden yellow when
cooked and do not bleed like red beets. Delicious beet flavour.
Tops are excellent as cooked greens. Best when picked small,
but still retain their flavour when larger. Great for salads
2022 Italian Chioggia
52 days. This Italian heirloom has beautiful pink skin and red
and white rings on its interior. Try grating the roots raw into
salad as well as cooking them. The greens are mild with a good
flavor and can be added to salads or cooked.
2418 Early Wonder
An old heirloom, pre-1811 variety.
Early, smooth round beet, makes lots of tender tall greens too!
Perfect pickled, fresh cooked, or in borsch.