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Fir Tree Seeds
The seeds on this page must be cold stratified, we recommend using the Seedman Cold Stratification Kit
for the best results. This is how we germinate these seeds in our own greenhouses. We find we receive significantly better germination results when we use our cold stratification media over other types, plus it is very simple and easy to use.
FIR01 European Silver Fir ( Abies alba )
An excellent christmas tree specimen. The largest conifer of Europe, it can attain 225 feet with a long clear
bole surmounted by a pyramidal crown that becomes flat-topped with age. It is native to the mountains of central and
southern Europe and Germany's Black Forest. Bark is smooth, gray, scaly. Branches are grooved, pale brown or dull gray with
a blackish pubescence. Leaves: upper surface dark shiny green and grooved, lower surface glaucous to whitish-green. Cones are
cylindrical, green when young, turning red-brown. The Silver Fir appears to have a silvery color when seen from below. Zones
FIR02 Cook's Blue Fir ( Abies balsamea "Cook's Blue" )
The traditional Christmas Tree with excellent fragrance and good needle retention. Needles very aromatic;
symmetrical, cone-shaped habit, especially when young. Needles show varying degrees of blue coloring after
approx. 3 years. Prefers well-drained acidic, moist soil. Full to partial sun. Zones
FIR03 White Fir ( Abies concolor )
White fir is native to high elevations in the mountains of Oregon and California and also to the Rocky Mountains from Idaho through Utah, Colorado, Arizona and New Mexico. They generally grow at elevations from 3000 to 9000 ft above sea level.
White fir tolerates a wide range of soil types, preferring those slightly on the acidic side. These are long lived, but still fast growing trees, reported to grow 50-60 ft in the first 30-60 years; after that the growth rate slows dramatically. Don't prune firs except to remove the occasional double leader; they do not fill in with new branches after pruning.
White fir can tolerate a little light shade, but it does best in full sun.
Firs do best on north-facing slopes and should be protected from drying winds. White fir requires a moist soil and a moderately humid climate. They do best where winters are long. with moderate to heavy snowfall. White fir cannot be grown in dry climates.
Hardiness: USDA Zones 4 - 7. Cannot be grown in hot climates.
White fir is a popular ornamental in Canada and the northern U.S. In general, firs cannot tolerate drought, heat and air pollution, but white fir does a little better in each respect than most, and is the best fir for most landscape applications. They are excellent specimen trees for moderate to large landscapes.
FIR04 California Red Fir ( Abies magnifica )
A majestic long-lived evergreen conifer. Abies magnifica has short, nearly horizontal branches and a narrow conical crown. The branches near the top point upward while those near the bottom droop.
The distinctive four-sided needles are blunt tipped and silvery-green to blue-green on all sides. The bark of young trees is thin and ashy white becoming thick, deeply furrowed and reddish-brown with age. Male cones are a purple brown color, and densely clustered on the underside of the young branches while female cones are reddish-brown and sit upright on the topmost branches.
Seeds are wind-dispersed after cones disintegrate on the trees in late September to mid-October. Red fir is an important tree for watershed protection because of the large amounts of snow that accumulate in these stands during the winter. Its name was derived from the color the bark becomes with age. The oldest specimen was found in the Klamath Mountains and found to be 665 years old. Zones 5-8.
FIR20 Greek Fir ( Abies cephalonica )
A native of the higher mountains of Greece. Leaves a lustrous bright green above with
silvery effect underneath. It grows best in moist but not water-logged soil. A large tree in time 100 feet tall by 25 feet wide. Cylindrical, green-brown cones 4-6 inches long.
FIR05 Caucasian Fir ( Abies nordmanniana )
the northern part of Turkey. A typical fir tree - attractive at
any age. Cool moist conditions produce the best growth. Prefers
deep rich loam with plenty of organic matter and not too wet.
Great ornamental value. Narrow pyramidal form. Bright green
cones. Grows 75 feet tall. Zones 5-8.
FIR06 Spanish Fir ( Abies pinsapo )
Native to the mountains of Spain. The Spanish Fir has stiff short needles that are arranged in circles around the branches.
It grows about 12-15 inches a year in a pyramidal form, reaching about 12 feet x 6 feet in 10 years, 60 feet tall in time. Hardy for Zones 6-8.
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