Good for zones 5-8. Fast growing, deciduous tree with rounded crown and red-brown tinted
bark, which breaks into huge plates. Dark green, 7-8 inch leaves with hairy underneath.
Gray-woolly cups cover top two thirds or more of the spherical, chestnut brown acorns.
Mature tree can reach 100 ft tall and spread to 60 ft. wide. Native to Southern and Central US.
Q51 Burenglish Oak Quercus macrocarpa x robur
Good for zones 4-8. Grows too 70'. Fast growing hybrid, forms large open crown. Expect 2-4'
of growth per year once established. Alkaline soil adaptable. Produces good crops of acorns
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Q50 Blackjack Oak Quercus marilandica
Good for zones 6-9. Slow growing, spreading, deciduous tree with ridged dark brown
bark. Glossy, dark green, unique shaped leaves to 6 inches long. Large decorative acorns are nested in cups enclosing 1/3 of the acorn. Mature tree can reach 50 ft tall and spread to 30 ft. wide. Native to US.
The Blackjack oak grows in poor, thin, dry, rocky or sandy soils where few other woody plants can thrive, usually on low ground, from sea level up to 900 m altitude. It does not have the beautiful form of many oaks, but is nonetheless a valuable tree for growing in problem sites. It is sometimes an understory tree in pine stands on sandy knolls in the southeastern USA. Along the coastal plain of New Jersey the probability of finding this species is increased in relatively sunny, open areas such as those near coastal salt marshes. It often occurs near Scarlet and Post Oaks as well as Pitch Pine; understory companions include winged sumac, bracken, sweetfern, and bayberry.
Q63 Swamp Chestnut Oak Quercus michauxii
Good for zones 4-10. Swamp chestnut oak is named for French botanist, Frances A. Michaux, who wrote
a three volume treatise on the trees of eastern North America. Also called Basket Oak because baskets
were woven from fibers and splints obtained by splitting the wood. These strong containers were used to
carry cotton from the fields, and cow oak because cows eat the acorns. The sweetish acorns can be eaten
raw, without boiling. One of the important timber trees of the South, it grows on moist and wet loamy
soils of bottom lands, along streams and borders of swamps in mixed hardwoods. The high quality wood is
used in all kinds of construction and for implements. The acorns are sweet and serve as food to wildlife.
White-tailed deer, turkey, squirrels, and hogs eat the acorns. Like many oaks, swamp chestnut makes a good
shade tree with its broad, spreading branches and large foliage. Can grow to 80 feet tall, best suited for
the Southeastern US.
Q65 Mongolian Oak Quercus Mongolica
Excellent shade and lawn tree with beautiful fall color. Mongolian oak is a medium to large deciduous tree with an open crown that typically grows to 30-60' tall, but sometimes up to 90' tall. It is native to forested areas in Japan, southern Kariles, Sakhalin, Manchuria, central and northern China, Korea, eastern Mongolia and eastern Russia (Siberia). Tapered obovate to obovate-oblong leaves to 4-8" long with 7-10 broad coarse teeth on each side. Leaves are glabrous and dark green above but lighter green below with pubescent veins. Beautiful rose fall color. Good for zones 5-8.
Q24 Chinkapin Oak Quercus Muehlenbergii
Good for zones 4-8. A rounded deciduous tree with gray, scaly bark and dark glossy
green leaves. Mature tree can reach 50 ft tall and spread to 40 ft. wide. Native to SE US.
Q25 Water Oak Quercus nigra
Good for zones 6-9. A fast growing oak that will grow in most soils and conditions. Important cover, habitat, and food for wildlife. Acorns eaten by squirrel, wild turkey, waterfowl and deer.
Naturally occurs on moist, alluvial soils along streams and rivers, but tolerates and routinely produces mast on a variety of sites.
Water oaks produce a small acorn that ducks prefer, and mature trees can tolerate flooding for a month or two just about every winter. Due to their extremely high fat content (@20%), deer love them also. Although an early dropper (usually mid October to early November), their hard shell makes it a great keeper for a steady food supply. It always seems the water oaks have an uncanny ability to produce on years when none of the other oaks are producing.
Q55 Nuttall's Oak Quercus Nuttallii
Leaves are simple, alternate and deciduous with 5-7 bristle-tipped lobes that are variable in size,
and deep U-shaped sinuses. The terminal lobe is usually elongated and the upper lobes point toward
the apex. Terminal buds are brown, ovoid, and angled with some hair. Bark is gray and smooth becoming
shallowly fissured with age. The acorn matures in two seasons. Nuttall
oak is found in wet areas in the southern U.S. The wood is used as red oak lumber. Acorns eaten by water
fowl and many small mammals.
One of the many Red Oaks, the Nutall Oak highly resembles the Shummard Red Oak, and it is often confused
with it as well. Not well know in the industry Quercus nuttallii may soon replace other Red Oaks due to its
richer red fall color, better branching structure, and higher transplant survival due to a stronger root system.
Hardiness: Zones 4-9
Q27 Pin Oak Quercus Palustris
Good for zones 5-8. Fast growing, broadly conical deciduous tree with smooth gray bark
Dark green leaves and almost spherical acorns. Foliage turns brilliant scarlet in fall. Good
for zones 4-8. A rounded deciduous tree with gray, scaly bark and dark glossy green
leaves. Mature tree can reach 70 ft tall and spread to 40 ft. wide. Native to E. US.
Q28 Willow Oak Quercus Phellos
Good for zones 5-9. The Willow oak is one of the most popular trees for horticultural
planting, due to
its rapid growth, hardiness, balance between axial and radial dominance, ability to
withstand both sun
and shade, light green leaf color and full crown.
Easy to transplant; good street tree;
tolerant of heat,
drought, air pollution and standing water; acorns eaten by birds and squirrels; small leaves
are easy to clean up in fall.
Q29 Chesnut Oak Quercus Prinus
Good for zones 4-8. Dense, round deciduous tree with dark yellowish green leaves that
turn beautiful shade of yellow in fall. Mature tree can reach 70 ft tall and spread to 60 ft.
wide. Native from Ontario down South to Alabama.
Q30 English Oak Quercus Robur
Excellent lawn specimen. Tolerates wide range of soils. A fast growing deciduous oak with spreading
habit. Fissured, grayish brown or dark gray bark and dark green, short stalked leaves 5« inches long.
Beautiful yellow to red to brown foliage in Fall. Important timber and landscape tree. Grows 120 ft.
tall and can spread to 80 ft. wide. Zones 5-8.
Q36 Columnar English Oak Quercus Robur Fastigiata
Good for zones 5-8. A columnar form of the English oak growing in a tight column form
with fissured gray-brown bark.
Dark green 5-6 inch leaves. Mature tree can reach 60 ft tall and spread to 40 ft. wide.
Native to Europe.
Q35 Red Oak Quercus Rubra
Good for zones 5-9. Fast growing, spreading deciduous tree with attractive gray to
grayish brown bark. Dark green leaves. Mature tree can reach 80 ft tall and spread to 70
ft. wide. Native to E. US.
The red oak is one of the most important oaks for timber production in North
America. The wood is of high value. Other related oaks are also cut and marketed as Red
Oak, although their wood is not always of as high a quality. These include black oak,
scarlet oak, pin oak, shumard oak, southern red oak and other species in the red oak
group. The red oak is widely planted and naturalized also in Central Europe.
Red oak wood grain is so open that smoke can be blown through it from end-grain to
end-grain on a flatsawn board.
A 10-year-old tree will be about 15 feet tall.
Red oak is easy to recognize by its bark, which feature bark ridges that appear to
have shiny stripes down the center. A few other oaks have bark with this kind of
appearance in the upper tree, but the red oak is the only tree with the striping all
the way down the trunk.
Q31 Shumardi Red Oak Quercus Shumardii
Good for zones 5-8. Broadly columnar, decidious tree with smooth gray bark and dark green, glossy leaves to 7 inches long with bristle tipped teeth. Beautiful fall foliage.
Requires acidic soil to thrive. Grows to 70 ft. tall.
Shumard Oak is valued for commercial use, as a shade tree, and as a food source for various birds and mammals. It is cultivated at least as far north as Ottawa, Ontario and as far south as Lake Worth, Florida. It is tolerant of wide ranges of pH levels in soil. It isdrought resistant, and prefers partial to full sunlight. Shumard Oaks begin to bear seeds at a minimum of 25 years of age, and the optimum age for seed development is 50 years of age.
Shumard Oaks are known to have reached at least 480 years of age. The roots are intolerant to disturbance, so the tree should be planted in its permanent position at an
Shumard Oak lumber is grouped with other Red Oak lumber for use in flooring, furniture, interior trim, molding, paneling, and cabinetry.
Q34 Post Oak Quercus Stellata
Good for zones 5-8. Quercus stellata (Post oak) is an oak in the white oak group. It is a small tree, typically 50-75 feet tall and 40 feet in diameter. It is native to the eastern United States, from Connecticut in the northeast, west to southern Iowa, southwest to central Texas, and southeast to northern Florida. It is one of the most common oaks in the southern part of the eastern prairies, such as in the Cross Timbers.
The leaves have a very distinctive shape, with three perpendicular terminal lobes, shaped much like a Maltese Cross. They are leathery, and tomentose (densely short-hairy) beneath. The branching pattern of this tree often gives it a rugged appearance. The acorns are 1.5-2 cm long, and are mature in their first summer.
The name refers to the use of the wood of this tree for fence posts. Its wood, like that of the other white oaks, is hard, tough and rot-resistant. This tree tends to be smaller than most other members of the group, with lower, more diffuse branching, largely reflecting its tendency to grow in the open on poor sites, so its wood is of relatively low value as sawn lumber. It is also a popular wood for smoking Texas barbecue.
Q32 Cork Oak Quercus Suber
Good for zones 7-9. Quercus suber, commonly called the Cork Oak, is a medium-sized, evergreen oak tree with thick, corky bark that is deeply ridged.Mature tree can reach 70 ft tall and spread to 50 ft. wide. Native to W. Mediterranean and N. Africa.
It is the primary source of cork for wine bottle stoppers and other uses, such as cork flooring. It is native to southwest Europe and northwest Africa.
The tree forms a thick, rugged bark containing high levels of suberin. Over time the cork cambium layer of bark can develop considerable thickness and can be harvested every 9 to 12 years to produce cork. The harvesting of cork does not harm the tree, in fact, no trees are cut down during the harvesting process. Only the bark is extracted, and a new layer of cork regrows, making it a renewable resource.
Cork Oaks are sometimes planted as individual trees, providing a minor income to their owners. The tree is also sometimes cultivated for ornament.
The tree is cultivated in Spain, Portugal, Algeria, Morocco, France, Italy and Tunisia. Cork Oaks are considered to be soil builders and their fruits have been shown to have useful insecticidal properties.
Q52 Black Oak Quercus Velutinia
Good for zones 3-9. Black oak (Quercus velutina) is a common, medium-sized to large oak of the eastern
and midwestern United States. It is sometimes called yellow oak, quercitron, yellowbark oak, or smoothbark
oak. It grows best on moist, rich, well-drained soils, but it is often found on poor, dry sandy or heavy
glacial clay hillsides where it seldom lives more than 200 years. Good crops of acorns provide wildlife
with food. The wood, commercially valuable for furniture and flooring, is sold as red oak. Brilliant
orange-red foliage in fall.
Q37 Southern Live Oak Quercus Virginia
Very seldom do we get to offer the actual photo of the tree that seeds were collected from, but this is one of those occasions. The seeds we are offering come from this magnificent tree in Southern Mississippi.
Good for zones 8-10. Massive, spreading Evergreen tree with shallow grooved red-brown
bark and leathery, shiny dark green leaves. Mature tree can reach height of 80 ft. and
spread out to 100 ft. wide. Native to Southern US from Virginia to Florida.
Depending on the growing conditions, live oaks vary from the shrubby to large and
spreading: typical open-grown trees reach 15 meters (50 feet) in height, but may span
nearly 50 meters.
Their lower limbs often sweep down towards the ground before curving up again.
They can grow at severe angles, and Native Americans used to bend saplings over so that
they would grow at extreme angles, to serve as trail markers. They drop their leaves, and
grow new ones, within a few weeks in spring. The bark is furrowed longitudinally, and
the acorns are small, but long and tapered. Trees frequently have rounded clumps of ball
moss or thick drapings of Spanish moss, and mistletoe is often found on them.
Southern live oak can grow in moist to dry sites. They can withstand occasional floods
and hurricanes, and are resistant to salt spray and moderate soil salinity. They tend to
survive fire, because often a fire will not reach their crowns. Even if a tree is burned, its
crowns and roots usually survive the fire and sprout vigorously. Furthermore live oak
forests discourage entry of fire from adjacent communities because they provide dense
cover that discourages the growth of a flammable understory.
Although they grow best in well-drained sandy soils and loams, they will also grow
in clay. Live oaks are also surprisingly hardy. Those of southern provenance can easily be
grown in USDA zone 7 and the Oklahoma Live Oak (Quercus virginiana var. fusiformis),
having the same evergreen foliage as the Southern variety, can be grown with success in
areas as cold as zone 6. Even with significant winter leaf burn, these trees can make a
strong comeback during the growing season in more northerly areas such New Jersey,
southern Ohio, and southern Connecticut.