ACER10 Trident Maple ( Acer buergerianum )
The trident maple is a very popular species for bonsai, due to
its small, three-lobed leaves, a readily-thickening trunk, and
thick, gnarly roots which adapt well to root-over-rock style. A
small tree, the trident maple usually grows only to 20 ft. in
nature with yellow blooms in early Spring. Hardiness Range: 5A
- 9A, Mature Height Outside: 25' to 50' / 7.60m to 15.20m
Outside Requirements: prefers partial shade or partial sun to
full sun; soil should be moist.
B1717 Amur Maple ( Acer ginnala )
A fast growing small and dainty gray-barked tree with white
flowers and brilliant fall colors. Excellent specimen for small
yards or patios.
Good to 8,500 feet elevation in Colorado. Hardy for zones 2-8.
Requires a pH of 7.5 or less.
ACER60 Japanese Maple ( Acer palmatum )
Green leafed, upright Japanese Maple widely used as a landscape
specimen in Japanese gardens. Hardy to zone 5, grows to 30 ft.
tall, but can be grown as an interesting container plant when
ACER61 Japanese Red Maple ( Acer palmatum atropurpurea )
The most sought after maple! Foliage is purplish-red becoming green in late summer,
deeply lobed. Red fall color. Good for zones 5-8 outside, but becoming a favorite indoor
patio plant and bonsai specimen. Insignificant small reddish-purple flowers in May-June.
ACER66 Red Maple ( Acer rubrum )
A small to large tree often planted as an ornamental with
notable variation in size and form depending on its site. While
this tree may attain a height of 120' and grow 5' in diameter
under ideal conditions, it more commonly grows 40'-50' in
height with diameters of 1 1/2' - 2 1/2'. It has a narrow or
rounded compact crown, and due to prolific sprouting, this tree
often grows in clumps of stems from one stump. It also occurs
as a single boled tree. The Red maple is a native American tree
found throughout the eastern United States from the Atlantic
ocean to the prairies, from South Florida to Canada. Although
it is most commonly found on moist bottomlands or in swamps, it
also occurs in drier soils. This versitile tree is suitable for
shade as an ornamental, with the added bonus of adding spring
and fall color. Known as soft maple to the forest products
trade, red maple lumber is used in the furniture industry and
smaller trees are also used to make high quality paper.
Suitable for zones 4-9, this handsome shade tree displays red
coloring during different seasons of the year. It has the
distinction of having the greatest north to south distribution
of all trees on the east coast. Pioneers once made ink and
cinnamon-brown and black dyes from an extract of the bark. Red
maple is prized as an ornamental shade tree because of its
rapid growth, highly colored flowers and fruit and spectacular
ACER91 Silver Maple ( Acer saccharum )
The silver maple is often planted as an ornamental tree because of its rapid growth and ease of propagation and transplanting. It is highly tolerant of urban situations, and is frequently planted next to streets. However, its quick growth produces brittle wood, and is commonly damaged in storms. The silver maple's root system is shallow and fibrous, and easily invades septic fields and old drain pipes; it can also crack sidewalks and foundations.
It is a vigorous resprouter, and if not pruned, will often grow with multiple trunks. Although it naturally is found near water, it can grow on drier ground if planted there. In ideal natural conditions, A. saccharinum may live up 130 years, but in urban environments often 80 or less.
Following WWII, silver maples were commonly used as a landscaping and street tree in suburban housing developments and cities due to their rapid growth, especially as a replacement for the blighted American Elm.
Wildlife uses the silver maple in various ways. In many parts of the eastern U.S., the large rounded buds are one of the primary food sources for squirrels during the spring, after many acorns and nuts have sprouted and the squirrels' food is scarce.
The seeds are also a food source for squirrels, chipmunks and birds. The bark can be eaten by beaver and deer. The trunks tend to produce cavities, which can shelter squirrels, raccoons, opossums, owls and woodpeckers.
Native Americans used the sap of wild trees to make sugar, as medicine, and in bread. They used the wood to make baskets and furniture. An infusion of bark removed from the south side of the tree is used by the Mohegan for cough medicine.
Best suited for zones 3-9.
ACER86 Florida Sugar Maple ( Acer saccharum floridanum )
This tree is very similar to the sugar maple (Acer saccharum), which occurs farther north in the Appalachians. It is a smaller tree than the sugar maple with a similar large, dense, round crown.
The bark is light gray and smooth, becoming darker, thicker, and more furrowed as the tree matures. Makes an excellent shade tree. It is a source of maple sugar. Has wonderful fall colors. One of the best maples for the south.
Best suited for zones 7-9.