TRN033 Hummingbird Fuchsia ( Fuchsia magellanica )
Also known as hardy fuchsia, it is prized for its showy flowers, which attract hummingbirds and butterflies and an ability to perform well even under foggy conditions or with maritime exposure.
The hardy fuchsia is cultivated as a deciduous shrub in zones 6 through 9 and grows 4 to 10 feet tall with a similar spread. Proper site selection and preparation and excellent cultural care will help you to successfully grow a vigorous, profusely flowering hardy fuchsia.
Hardy fuchsia prefers partial shade and heavy mulching to maintain moisture in the soil.
Pinch off the tips of growing fuchsia branches regularly, as desired, once growth begins to emerge each year, to encourage dense, bushy growth and more blooms. Always pinch the tender growth back to just above a pair of leaves. Stop pinching in summer or once flower buds begin to develop.
IP179 Peruvian Lily, Dr. Salters Hybrids ( Alstromeria ligtu )
The hummingbirds will love your garden when you grow Peruvian Lilies! Alstroemeria Dr. Salters hybrids are a wonder producing different colored blooms on the same plant. The colors are: salmon, cerise, flame, lilac, red, gold, and bronze in flowers that resemble lilies.
They make a striking display when they are planted in mass groupings.
They are fragrant, and they are an excellent cut flower lasting as long as 2 weeks in the vase.
Prefers cool, moist, deep, well-drained soil. In hotter climates, Peruvian Lilies prefer some afternoon shade. On occasions plants grown from Peruvian Lily seeds will bloom during the first year. Usually the blooms will come the second year and the amount and quality of flowers will improve with each year.
IP172 Coral Fountain Amaranthus ( Amaranthus caudatus )
Unique coral-pink tassels.
Coral Fountain is a great plant for containers and the flower garden. Easy to grow, carefree habit, only 65-75 days to maturity, and great presence in arrangements. Height 36-60".
TRN035 Cuckoo Flower ( Cardamine pratensis )
The name comes from the timing of the flowers, which coincides with the first calls of the Cuckoo bird in spring.
This unique wildflower can be found in moist or wet habitats, including meadows, damp grasslands, roadsides, ditches and river banks, so many are suprised that it also makes a very good rock garden plant.
The plant produces showy clusters of lilac-pink, purple or white flowers top the upright stems.
The flower is an important larval host plant and nectar source for the Orange-Tip and Green-Veined White butterflies, It makes a valuable addition to any garden which aims at attracting wildlife. Hardy to zone 4.
IP184 Citronella Balm ( Melissa officinalis Citronella )
We love this herb! Simply crush a handful of the leaves for a burst of citronella fragrance and rub on exposed skin to deter pesky mosquitoes and gnats.
Citronella balm is a hardy perennial for Zones 5-9. It is more compact and more mildew resistant than the common lemon balm and grows 12 to 18 inches tall in ideal conditions.
The leaves are bright green and about 2 inches long with toothed edges. Although citronella balm is a member of the mint family, it is a less aggressive spreader. To the casual glance the leaves resemble spearmint leaves, probably why it's sometimes misidentified as lemon mint.
As with lemon balm, citronella balm is a favorite of bees. The botanical name "Melissa" is derived from the Greek word for bee.
Easily grown as a window sill or patio plant, it does very well in containers.
D4555 Winter Sweet ( Chimonanthus praecox )
Wintersweet flowers are an unexpected delight. The Chimonanthus spends most of the year unnoticed and minding its own business, but when January rolls around, it lets loose a barrage of flowers that are delicate in appearance but which arguably carry the best scent of any flower, anywhere. You have not lived, until you have cozied up to Wintersweet and taken a big whiff. The plant flowers in the winter,
filling the house with its beautiful fragrance.
Native to China, Wintersweet has been cultivated in China for over 1,000 years. It is valued for use in medicine, and its essential oils are used in cosmetics, perfumery and to flavor teas. In China, Wintersweet flowers have been used to scent linens in the same way that Lavender flowers have been used elsewhere.
Starting seeds: Soak in warm water for 2 hours, warm stratify for three days, then cold stratify for 60 days.
Growing outside: Sun or part shade, adapts to acidic or alkaline soils but prefers well drained soils. Amend planting bed with compost to improve drainage. Prune oldest branches to the ground after bloom. To rejuvenate old plants, prune to 12" after bloom.
Plant grows about 10 feet tall, expect it to take about 3-4 years to start blooming, but once it does, you will cherish it.
Hardy to Zone 7, protect in temps under 10°F.
IP155 Natal Plum ( Carissa macrocarpa)
Natal Plum is a shrub native to South Africa, where it is commonly called the Large Num-Num. In Zulu, as well as in the Bantu tribes of Uganda, it is called amatungulu. In Afrikaans the fruit is called Noem-Noem.
It deals well with salt-laden winds, making it a good choice for coastal areas. It is commonly found in the coastal bush of the Eastern Cape and Natal. It produces shiny, deep green leaves and snowy white flowers whose perfumed scent intensifies at night. It is a spiny, evergreen shrub containing latex.
The flowers are about 2 inches across and sweetly fragrant, like orange blossoms, especially at night. The edible fruit is a pretty plum shaped red berry abut 2 inches long which tastes like sweet cranberries. Natal plum blooms almost all year long and most of the time both flowers and fruit are present. The fruit can be eaten out of hand or made into pies, jams, jellies, and sauces.
A traditional food plant in Africa, this little-known fruit has potential to improve nutrition, boost food security, foster rural development and support sustainable landcare.
Natal plum are among the best ocean front foundation, hedge, container and groundcover plants for tropical and subtropical regions. They are very popular in South Florida. Natal plums are often grown in containers on ocean front condominium balconies. Their thick leathery leaves are not torn by wind nor bothered by salt spray.
Zones 9-11 outdoors, but easily grown as a container plant and brought inside during winter.
IP151 Dwarf Tamarillo ( Solanum abutiloides )
A small, fuzzy, orange fruit related to the Tree Tomato. It has large, furry leaves, white flowers and the small, slightly furry, orange fruits are sweet when fully ripe with an aroma that reminds of peaches or abricots. It makes a fair ornamental for warm temperate regions but is more often grown for its fruits.
Great for containers. Grow in full to filtered sun. Water regularly during growth season. Use well-drained soil.
AW42 Silver Edged
(Cucurbita argyrosperma) This is a Native American heirloom that is grown for its remarkably large and tasty silver-edged seeds which are roasted for pepitas or used in pipian sauce.
The tasty, silver edged seeds, which make delicious snacks when roasted are easily removed from their hulls.
The medium sized striped fruit has a good storage life. The attractive white fruits , with rather unpalatable flesh, have green mottled stripes and make attractive addition to autumn squash and pumpkin displays.
IP150 Joy Perfume Tree ( Michelia champaca )
Excellent houseplant for colder zones or garden plant for warmer zones ( 10 and above ). The fragrance of the flower is simply amazing.
Also known as Champa, Yellow Champa, Golden Campa or Fragrant Champa is highly revered by the followers of Hinduism and Buddhism. They use Michelia flowers during religious ceremonies. Tibetans believe that the Buddha of the next era will find enlightenment under the flower canopy of the champaca tree.
Michelia has several ornamental, commercial and medicinal uses too. For gardeners, it is an excellent choice as a houseplant or as companion plant in landscapes. Commercially, the timber of Michelia is used for almost anything from cabinet-making to firewood and flowers are grown to sell at cut flower shops. The extract from the flowers of Michelia Alba is used in preparation of the famous 'Joy' perfume. Medicinally, the tree has wide applications; the bark is used to prepare tonic, the oil extracted from flowers is used to cure toughs and rheumatism, and for relieving eye troubles and gout.
Michelias are easy to grow and maintain. They love a lot of light and warmth but filtered sunlight. The best location for Michelia is the place where it receives direct and ample sunlight in early morning but partial light for the rest of the day. Suitable for containers, Michelias has shallow and brittle root system. It likes moderate watering in acidic and well-drained soil. As a general rule, water lavishly when the plant is young to allow it to develop good root system. Water mature trees moderately and feed with a general purpose fertilizer during spring. Prune in winter when plant goes dormant.
Outdoors in zone 10 or higher, Michelia can gain a height of 75 feet or more in suitable conditions. The tree bears large leaves that resemble the leaves of Mango tree. The tree booms from May to October and produces abundance of star-shaped flowers that fill the entire surrounding with mesmerizing scent. Flowers are usually golden-yellow, golden-orange and creamy-white.
RLP182 Moroccan Broom Cytisus battandieri
Also known as Pineapple Broom, this Moroccan native is a popular small tree with soft, velvety, mostly evergreen foliage and wonderfully scented clusters of bright yellow flowers. It is the perfect choice for small gardens. It is tolerant of heat and drought as well as cold and severe freezes and will do well in temperate climates from USDA Zones 7 to 10. Propagation is easy from seeds soaked overnight.
TRM961 Ammi Graceland
This improved selection of Ammi for cut flower production offers more uniform germination and an even production of large umbels on strong, upright stems.
The secondary umbels do not overpower the main flower, allowing a main harvest per sowing.
Ideal for both field and greenhouse cut flower production. Height: 40-56", 12 to 16" spread. Annual.
IP144 Jews Mallow, Egyptian Spinach ( Molokhia )
This Middle Eastern super-green, known as Jew's mallow or Egyptian spinach, has a high vitamin and mineral content. This "food of kings" dates back to the time of the pharaohs, when an Egyptian king drank it in soup to recover from an illness. Nutritionally, it has three times the calcium and phosphorous as Kale, and four times the amount of riboflavin. It also provides 70% of the RDA value for Vitamin C, 25% of the RDA of Vitamin A among a host of other minerals and vitamins. Today, it's one of the most widely eaten vegetables in Egypt. 60 days.
Planting season: Late spring/summer.
A good recipe and more info.
3472 Matsumoto Blue Tipped White Aster
Blue and white bicolor. Heat resistant Matsumoto variety produces 2" diameter flowers with eye-catching blue flowers with white centers on upright plants. Fusarium tolerance is an added plus. Excellent cutflower. Grows about 30" tall. Annual.
TRM956 Matsumoto Red Stripe
The attractive flower color of dark burgundy red with thin white stripes is unique and makes a wonderful addition to flower arrangements. Heat resistant Matsumoto variety produces 2" diameter flowers on upright plants. Fusarium tolerance is an added plus. Excellent cutflower. Grows about 30" tall. Annual.
TRM957 Double Click Rose Bonbon ( Cosmos bipinnatus )
Beautiful medium rose color. Double Click is well recognized in cut flower circles for it tall plants that produce predominantly double flowers. Although they are late flowering cosmos, the result is worth it. These beauties make lovely additions to mixed arrangements and are a hit for roadside stand and farmers' market sales.
Height: 24 to 36", 24" spread.
AW46 Mashed Potato Squash
Pure white elongated acorn fruit average 1-1.5 lbs. on semi bush vines. Flesh is mashed potato white. Color holds until fall. 90 days.
IP127 Lady Bird Royal Blue Bluebonnet ( Lupinus texensis )
Lady Bird Royal Blue has been selected as a "Texas Superstar" by Texas AgriLife Research. Features rich, deep cobalt blue flowers and a significant number of blooms per plant, up to 40 percent or more than standard bluebonnets.
Excellent for raised flower beds, half wooden barrels, hanging baskets, mixtures, hillsides, roadsides and meadows.
Prefers a sloped area in light to gravelly, well drained, soil with a pH level between 6-7. Bluebonnets require 8 hours of direct sun.
RLP179 Moonlight Climbing Nasturtium ( Nasturtium lobbianum )
This tall Climbing Nasturtium is one of the best plants for covering fences or walls when given some strings or brush to climb on. The plant creates a very pleasing effect when the flower seeds are sown here and there amongst shrubs.
As the vine grows it attaches to the bushes, climbing over or through them, and the lovely flowers spill out making a charming display. Bloom time is mid-summer through first frost.
Climbing Nasturtiums do best when left alone. It will tolerate most any soil type, but prefers not to be fertilized. Over-fertilization will produce lovely foliage, but no flowers. Keep watered, but allow the soil to dry out between waterings.
Climbing Nasturtium plants are used as companion plants for the vegetable garden. It is said that the pepper-flavored leaves ward off many insects. Nasturtium likes a full sun place in the garden in cooler climates. For the hottest regions, afternoon shade is preferable to Nasturtium plants.
SF129 Southern Catalpa Worm Tree ( Catalpa bignonioides )
The southern catalpa is an attractive small to medium sized deciduous tree that grows to about 25-50 ft in height. It is of similar width with a short trunk that supports a broad, open and rounded crown.
Catalpa has large tropical looking heart-shaped leaves that are up to 8 in long and held oppositely on the stems (often in a whorl with three leaves emerging from the same point along the stem). In spring the southern catalpa produces showy 6-10 inch branching flower clusters (panicles) at the stem tips. The white bell-shaped blossoms are 2 inches in diameter and patterned with small purple spots and two large orange markings at the throat.
The flowers are followed by long slender cigar-shaped pods up to 16 inches in length. The green pods ripen to brown in fall and split to release flat fringed seeds.
Grows in full sun to partial shade. Southern catalpa prefers moist, well drained soils but is adaptable. Hardy for zones 6-10.
Spectacular spring flowers and beautiful bright green foliage make the catalpa one of the South's most distinctive and best loved native trees. Used as an ornamental, accent, specimen, or shade tree. It is a valued ornamental tree with large foliage and showy clusters of flowers in the spring. When grown as a specimen many gardeners drastically cut back the large branches of their catalpas each winter. This radical surgery is called pollarding and the result is a tree with a thick trunk, very compact crown and very large beautiful foliage.
Catalpa also has some limited use in the forest products trade for fence posts, rails and crates.
This tree has been widely planted and naturalized outside its native range because it is the host plant for a caterpillar commonly called the catawba worm. These are a popular fishing bait for southern freshwater fish.
All across the American Deep South the catalpa tree is seen, often stripped bare of it's leaves by hungry caterpillars. This means only one thing - it's time to go fishing! The foliage is quickly replaced in a few weeks and the cycle can be repeated several times in a season.
E3151 Winter Honeysuckle Bush ( Lonicera fragantissima )
Winter honeysuckle is a bush, not a vine, but it has those familiar honeysuckle flowers and that sweet honeysuckle scent. Winter honeysuckle gets 6-8 feet tall, and its irregular, tangled branches form a twisted labyrinth as much as 8-10 feet across.
Each cream colored flower on this beautiful species is small, only 1/2 an inch or so, but the amount of lemony-scented goodness packed into the overall floral show is amazing.
The leaves are nearly evergreen in the South, but deciduous in cooler climes. They are borne in opposing pairs along the slender, arching stems. Flowering begins in late winter and lasts for several weeks, filling the air with fragrance when nothing else is blooming. The flowers are extremely abundant, creamy white, about a half inch long and arranged in pairs in the leaf axils.
Seeds require cold stratification
USDA Zones 5-9. Winter honeysuckle is hardy to at least -13°F.
E3150 Japanese Snowball ( Viburnum macrophyllum )
Beginning in late spring and continuing into summer, lime-green bloom clusters fully 5 to 8 inches wide open up all over this shrub. They're as big as Hydrangea blooms, and every bit as beautiful, made up of dozens of 1½ inch florets. The flowers keep their lime tones only a few weeks, turning cream and then white and some instances, depending on soil acidity, may only show white, with no green coloring.
Expect this shrub to reach 6 to 10 feet high and wide in most climates. In the southern and western edges on its hardiness range it may get even taller and wider, but wherever you live, you can keep it trimmed to just the size you want. Cut it back after flowering; it blooms on both old and new wood, so you'll want to prune it promptly to give new growth a time to bud before winter.
Chinese Snowball Shrub is deciduous in northern and temperate climates, semi-evergreen in the deep south and far west. It is very densely branched, with excellent resistance to bacterial leaf spot and powdery mildew, which can bother other Viburnums. It is also superbly tolerant of adversity, from heat and humidity to drought and poor soil. So easy, so carefree, so long-lived! Make this colorful shrub part of your permanent landscape this season.
Seeds require cold stratification
before sowing. Zones 6-9.
RLP175 Jerusalem Thorn ( Parkinsonia aculeata )
Also known as Mexican Palo Verde and Jelly Bean Tree.
Small picturesque round-headed tree of 15-20 feet tall with open lacy foliage that yields a pleasant dappled shade. It has a trunk and branches with yellow-green bark and within the fine textured foliage small thorns are nestled.
Showy, fragrant yellow flowers with throats having orange-reddish color spots have a peak bloom period in summer with scattered bloom year-round. After flowering a tan fruit pod forms with a papery sheath. Good for filtering sun to create light shade and very drought tolerant once established. Hardy to at least 20-25°F.
It is well suited to informal landscapes. Use it in a cactus and succulent garden and let its lacy foliage and slender twigs contrast with the solid blocky shapes of the succulents. Unaffected by heat, it makes a fine street or patio tree and provides a delicate, filtered shade.
Highly adapted to life in the desert. It has largely done away with leaves that lose water through evaporation and transpiration, producing its food instead within the photosynthetic tissue of the bark.
Native Americans harvested the seeds which they sun dried for storage and parched over dry heat before eating.
PR12 Chickasaw Plum ( Prunus angustifolia )
In early spring, before most shrubs and trees have even started to leaf out, the Chickasaw plums are in full bloom, billowing white clouds along southern highways. This is a handsome little shrub, perfect for the semi shaded woodland area in the back of the yard.
They grow naturally in dry, sandy soils and, once established, need no supplemental watering.
Chickasaw plum grows 12 to 20 feet tall and 15 to 20 feet wide in an irregular shape. It is "twiggy" in nature, and has a scaly, almost black bark. Its branches are reddish with a thorn-like, small side branches. In February, March, April and May, small white flowers blossom, followed with yellow to red plums, up to 1" long. The flowers have five white petals with reddish or orange anthers.
Ripe fruits are slightly tart, but can be eaten fresh and can be made into jellies, desserts and preserves. They ripen in late summer. It requires low to medium amounts of water to grow, and dry, sandy or loose soil. It grows best in areas with regular sunlight or areas of partial shade.
Fresh seeds should be kept warm for a couple months, then chilled for 2-4 months before planting. They may take two years to germinate.
IP169 Cucamelon ( Melothria scabra )
Tiny 1½" light green, dark striped, crispy white flesh has cucumber-like flavor with lemony tartness and a touch of lime, this is a fascinating little novelty plant for any gardener.
Cucamelons can be grown the same way as regular cucumbers, only they are far easier. They only need some type of support to climb on and suffer from very few pests. Sow the seed from April to May indoors and plant out when all risk of frost is over. Give them a support the scramble over, keep well watered and that is pretty much all you will need to do to enjoy a large harvest.
This plant is native to Mexico and Central America, where it is called sandiita (little watermelon). It is believed to have been a domesticated crop before western contact began.
TRM807 Summer Hyacinth ( Ornithogalum candicans )
Looking for something really nice and a little bit different for your flower garden? Then you should try this wonderful perennial from South Africa.
Summer Hyacinth, is native to South Africa and Madagascar. It is a bulbous perennial that can be started from seeds, and will form bulbs underground that can be divided to make more plants.
It forms a clump of strap-shaped leaves about 2-3 feet long. The fragrant, creamy white, funnel-shaped flowers somewhat reminiscent of gladiolus appear in spikes atop erect flowering stems growing 2-4 feet tall, and they make wonderful cutflowers.
Flowers are often tinged with green. Blooms late summer.
For zones 7-10 outside, after 2 years, bulbs can be dug up and moved inside in colder zones.
Sow seed in a cool greenhouse or coldframe in spring. Grow on in any good garden soil with good drainage. Bulbs will attain flowering size in 2-3 years.
RLP169 Parrot Gladiolus ( Gladiolus Dalenii )
By October, most gardens are well past the fullness of summer bloom and beginning to anticipate the oncoming cool weather. A good way to brighten the garden is to plant Gladiolus dalenii, commonly called parrot gladiolus.
Its colorful red and yellow hooded flowers make a showy display on 3-feet-tall flower stalks.
Easy to grow and care for, this South African native grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8a through 11.
They grow through the summer, forming a loose fan of 3/4-inch-wide gray-green leaves that reach 2 to 3 feet wide and 2 feet tall. The flower stalks emerge in fall, carrying the brilliant flowers well above the foliage for a dramatic display. Each mature plant can produce several flower stalks. As cold weather approaches, the plant begins to die back for the winter, and you can remove the spent foliage once it is dry.
The large and interestingly shaped flowers help make parrot gladiolus an outstanding garden plant. Each flower stalk bears up to seven large, bell-shaped flowers held horizontally along one side of the stem. The three upper petals are larger than the three lower ones, and usually bright red or orange. The central upper petal is cupped downward to form a hood over the flower's reproductive structures. The three smaller lower petals arch outward and down, and are usually red-orange with yellow markings. The flowers have a large nectar supply and attract hummingbirds.
Sow the seeds in early spring, in a well-drained flat 8 to 10 inches
deep, that is filled with two thirds loam and one third leaf mold or peat moss,
with a good amount of sand added.
Plant the seeds an inch apart and cover with about 1/4-inch of soil.
If the soil is kept fairly moist, the seeds should sprout in a few weeks.
Set the container of seedlings outside in a fairly sunny location during
the summer months and don't disturb until the leaves have died down
At this time, take out the small corms, store for the winter,
and plant in a border about 3 inches apart in March.
SF186 Cranberry ( Vaccinium macrocarpon )
Cranberries can be grown in-doors, in a garden, in planter boxes, raised beds, etc. Cranberries have huge health benefits and can be dry stored for extended periods of time.
Cranberries are native to North America do not need to be grown in a bog. Cranberries do require some soil preparation that is well worth the effort.
Cranberry plants can also be grown in large pots as ornamentals. These attractive, spreading plants are a unique addition to any garden.
With proper care, you can harvest berries the first year from the cranberry plants.
Zones 2-8 if grown outside.
Germination instructions: Sow at 64-71F for 2-4 weeks, move to 24-39F for 4-6 weeks, move to 41-53F for germination. Cover seeds 1/4 inch. Sowing Rate: 2 - 3 seeds per plant. Moisture: Keep seeds moist until germination.
TRM686 Kankakee Mallow ( Iliamna remota )
Looking for something unique for your flower garden? This could be it.
Kankakee Mallow is a native rarity, with historic wild populations originating only to the Kankakee River, in Kankakee County, Illinois making it one of the historically rarest North American plants.
Typical of a river bank, Kankakee Mallow needs medium to medium wet soils with a preference for sandy or loamy soil and full or part sun.
The blooming period is quite sustained (about 2 months) and the individual pale pink flowers are slightly aromatic. They will eventually become pod-like fruits.
Growing in excess of 5' this Mallow's stems and leaves have a light gray-appearance due to a covering of dense hairs. The attractive maple-looking leaves can reach 6" in diameter. The root consists of a tap root with rhizomes and dense patches of Kankaee Mallow can develop from these rhizomes over time.
Classified in the same family as Hollyhocks, Malvaceae, Kankaee Mallow does have the overall appearance of a Hollyhock.
Grows best in zones 4-6.
To help speed germination, pour 180F water over the seed and let it soak overnight. The next day, mix the seed with moist sand and store it in a sealed container in the refrigerator for 60 days before planting. Sow the seed in individual peat pots, lightly covering it with a thin layer of soil; keep the soil consistently moist and at a temperature of 70-75 degrees F until germination, which should occur within 14-20 days. Thin the seedlings to the strongest two per pot, and transplant them outdoors when the weather has warmed and there is no chance of frost.
TRM668 Bullseye Salmon Geranium
Salmon colored flowers. Rich chocolate foliage retained even in high light, uniform, easy germination, prescarified and coated, excellent pot and basket plant. Grows 12" tall, blooms in 14 weeks from seed.
RLP149 Australian Frangipani ( Hymenosporum flavum )
This close relative of Pittosporum from eastern Australia and New Guinea grows into a small to medium-sized tree with glossy dark green foliage and cream to yellow, wonderfully scented flowers. It is best suited to warm temperate and tropical climates in USDA Zones 9 and above.
SF082 Japanese Mock Orange ( Pittosporum tobira )
A beautiful broadleafed evergreen shrub or small tree can reaching up to 15 feet in height and about the same in width if allowed to, but often grown as a hedge or patio plant and pruned to a much shorter height.
Does well in the shade or full sun, making it a useful lawn shrub.
The leathery leaves are glossy on the top with undersides that are lighter and have a dull surface. These very ornamental leaves reach a length of from 1 to 5 inches and up to 1 inch wide.
However, our favorite feature is the waxy white flowers that add a delightful fragrance to the spring garden. Japanese mockorange is named so because the scent put forth by its blossoms is similar to that of the sweet orange (Citrus sinensis). The small flowers are about a half inch in diameter and are held in clusters at the branch tips. They are pure white when they emerge from the bud and slowly age to a mellow creamy yellow. They appear in late spring and last for several weeks.
Native to China and Japan, it is used as an ornamental in milder climates throughout the world. In the USA, it is a popular landscape item in Florida, along the Gulf Coast and throughout the Pacific Northwest as well as a patio plant in cooler climates.
Hardy for Zones 8-10.
A good choice for screens and informal hedges. It can also be closely sheared to create formal hedges and will also grow well in containers. The beautiful evergreen foliage and ability to produce its fragrant flowers indoors make this a desirable greenhouse plant.
D1751 Pyrethrum Plant ( Chrysanthemum )
Also known as Tanacetum cinerariifolium. An amazing and beautiful plant grown throughout the world, it is hardy to zone 4 in the USA, makes a wonderful flower bed plant or container plant.
A beautiful daisy that is hardy and blooms throughout the spring and summer. The dried flowers are used to make probably the best natural pesticide available. Simply drying the flowers and making a dust or spray is a great way to control insect pests.
The plant is economically important as a natural source of insecticide. The flowers are pulverized and the active components, called pyrethrins, contained in the seed cases, are extracted and sold in the form of an oleoresin. This is applied as a suspension in water or oil, or as a powder.
Pyrethrum insecticide is one of the most widely used natural insecticides in existence. Pyrethrins work as a contact insecticide, the insect only has to be touched by the substance for it to take effect. When not present in amounts fatal to insects, they still appear to have an insect repellent effect. It will inhibit the biting reflex in female mosquitoes. Crucially, although pyrethrum acts quickly on insect pests, it is relatively non-toxic to humans and warm-blooded animals.
Pyrethrins are not persistent, being biodegradable and also decompose easily on exposure to light. They are considered to be amongst the safest insecticides for use around food.
An on-line resource for making your own pyrethrum at home.
It is so easy to do!
Sowing: Sow late winter to late Spring (Feb to May) or Late Summer to Autumn ( August to October)
Sow pyrethrum seeds in pots indoors or sow directly where they are to flower in a prepared bed in late spring once all danger of frost has passed. For the best results, choose a planting location that receives full sun and has very well-drained soil of average fertility.
For sowing indoors, sow in pots or trays containing good seed compost. Barely cover the seeds with a fine sprinkling of compost and make sure the compost is kept moist but not wet. Germination usually takes 30 to 60 days at 55°F.
Transplant the indoor seedlings when large enough to handle into pots and grow on. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Space 12 inches apart. Water regularly for the first two weeks of growth for container-grown plants to allow them time to become established.
Increase watering during times of drought or extreme heat.
TRM618 Heliotrope Extra Dwarf Marine ( Heliotropium Arborescens )
Heliotrope is a cottage garden favorite, and through the years has been called Turnsole Plant, Cherry Pie Plant, Common Heliotrope, and Fragrant Heliotrope. Whatever name you call it, it is a delight to grow!
It is a richly colored plant with both foliage and blooms that nicely contrast each other. The blooms are not only lovely, but they also have a spectacular vanilla scent! Has a compact form with broadly oval to lance-shaped, textured leaves tinged with purple. In summer, it bears a profusion of fragrant deep violet-blue flower heads up to 6 inches across. Plants are dwarf, growing only 8 to 16 inches tall on average.
Heliotrope plants are a perennial in warmer climates but grown as an annual where it is not hardy. Its rich foliage and profuse blooms make it a great choice for summer bedding, containers or window boxes. A strong scent of vanilla floats through the garden, especially on summer evenings, making this tender perennial an excellent choice for containers or edgings in sunny borders. Bees and butterflies like the scent as well and visit Heliotrope flowers often.
A perennial for zones 9-10, but most often grown as an annual.
Sow Heliotrope seeds indoors 6 - 8 weeks before the last frost. Use rich potting mix and keep the flower seeds moist until germination. When transplanting to the garden or larger containers, pinch back tops of young Heliotrope plants to encourage branching. Deadhead spent blooms throughout season to encourage flowering. Remove plants after frost.
TRM610 Ox-Eye Daisy ( Telekia speciosa )
A unique perennial plant for zones 3-8. Attracts birds, bees and butterflies and leaves are fragrant.
Easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soils in part shade. Tolerates full sun as long as soils are kept consistently moist.
A sunflower-like perennial that is native primarily to mountainous areas in southern Europe, the Ukraine, the Balkans, the Caucusus and Turkey. Features sprays of single, daisy-like flower heads (to 3.5" across) with yellow rays and large, flattened, orange-yellow center disks. Blooms appear in late summer to early fall on branching-at-the-top stems rising to 4-6' tall. Coarse, aromatic, triangular leaves, are up to 12" long.
TRM607 Chocolate Scented Daisy ( Berlandiera Lyrata )
A wonderful perennial plant with a sweet chocolate fragrance. Also known as Chocolate flower, this is a night bloomer, the flowers offer up their rich cocoa scent in the morning. As the temperature rises the petals close or drop and the fragrance recedes.
The Chocolate Flower plant starts out small, but each spring the crown grows larger and the plant can eventually spread to about 24 inches across. Chocolate Daisies have a rather airy growth, and they make a nice informal edging plant. Berlandiera is most impressive and most fragrant when planted in groups. Chocolate Flowers are night time bloomers, and their cocoa scent is strongest in the morning hours.
For zones 4-10, grows about 12-18" tall.
Start seeds directly outdoors once frost danger has passed. Prepare a seedbed by loosening the soil to a depth of about 8 inches and removing all weeds. Lightly cover the seeds with soil and keep the flower seeds moist until germination occurs. Thin the seedlings to about 18 inches apart when they are several inches in height. Care of the plant includes removing spent flowers to encourage continued blooming, and cutting the entire plant back in the fall after blooming is finished.
TRM605 Ramosa ( Cimicifuga Ramosa Atropurpurea )
A wonderful perennial plant for zones 3-8b, growing about 5 feet tall when mature.
A wonderful partial shade plant. If you enjoy tall, stately, dark perennials with fragrant flower spikes, consider starting Cimicifuga seeds and growing this remarkably beautiful plant. With intensely colored foliage of reddish purple and ivory white flowers, this is one perennial that creates a breathtaking display.
Commonly called Bugbane, this dark foliage plant thrives in partial shade and moist, organically enriched soil. Bugbane plants are slow to establish and can take several years to reach their full height of 6 feet. Needs consistently moist soil. Cimicifua seeds will need a cold, moist stratification.
TRM604 Giant Poha Berry ( Physalis peruviana )
This is a popular berry in Hawaii, the fuzzy-leaved bush (aka Poha Berry) produces about 1" berries with smooth, waxy orange skin. This tangy sweet fruit tastes like a mixture of pineapple and strawberry and is covered with a lantern-shaped husk. It grows well in containers. 75 days.
TRM558 Hyper Belle Hibiscus Mix
Wow! Smashing 9" wide disc-shaped hibiscus flowers in red, white and pink colors, stout specimen plants only grow about 24" tall and bloom often. Hardy to zone 4
TRM557 Summer Icicle ( Euphorbia marginata )
An easily grown annual bedding plant that has many uses. It makes a very nice patio or container plant as well.
This dwarf euphorbia grows only about 18" tall and 18" wide ( under the best conditions, usually around 12 inches in most gardens ) and features showy cymes of yellow flowers with white bracts at the ends of the stems from late spring to mid fall. The flowers are excellent for cutting. It's attractive oval leaves emerge green in spring, turning green in color with distinctive white edges throughout the season.
It is pretty much deer resistant.
(A word of caution: its milky juice sap is toxic and can cause skin or eye irritation~handle with protective gloves).
TRM556 AKN-Bravo Hybrid Radish
Attractive purple roots.
KN-Bravo's internal color ranges from pale purple to white with purple streaks. Roots average 8-9" by 2½-3" with good, sweet, eating quality. Suitable for spring and summer sowings. NOTE: This variety contains 5-10% white-rooted off types.
TRM547 Simply Oregano ( Multi-seed pellets )
New! The easiest way to grow oregano from seed, each pellet contains several oregano seeds in one pellet, perfect in 5" pot. Makes starting oregano seedlings ( which can be difficult for some ) super easy.
Each multi-seed herb pellet produces healthy oregano plants for the windowsill or garden. Just one pellet fills a 5" inch pot fast, with no seed broadcasting or scoops across the soil.
TRN151 SimplySalad Storm Mix ( Multi Pelleted Seeds )
Mix of purple, green, and blue kales for a wonderful salad blend in one multiseed pellet, ornamental edible.
These unique multi-seeded pellets contain 5-7 seeds each of different greens for easy production or baby leaf greens in a small container. A special benefit is that the various seeds in each pellet germinate right around the same time, ensuring that maturity is even at harvest time. Sow approximately 5-6 pellets/12" diameter container.
TRM545 Venus Flytrap ( Dionaea Muscipula )
This truly unique plant grown from flower seeds is a carnivorous plant. Yes, that is right, a carivorous plant! It catches its prey, mainly insects and arachnids, with a trapping structure formed by the terminal portion of each of the plant's leaves and is triggered by tiny hairs on their inner surfaces. When an insect or spider crawling along the leaves contacts a hair, the trap closes if a different hair is contacted within twenty seconds of the first strike.
Speed of the venus flytrap closing can vary depending on the amount of humidity, light, size of prey, and general growing conditions. The speed with which traps close can be used as an indicator of the venus flytrap's general health.
Venus flytraps do best in bright light but can live in partial shade. Avoid placing them in direct sunlight in summer, especially if they live under glass, as plants hit with direct sunlight may get too hot and burn up. When grown inside under artificial lights, keep flytraps 4 to 7 inches away from fluorescent lights.
If your Venus flytraps don't show a pink interior or if the plants have long, spindly leaves, they are not getting enough sunlight. Keep the environment humid and the soil moist but don't let the plants stand constantly in water. Grow them in a pot with drainage holes. If you have a Venus flytrap terrarium, place gravel below the soil for extra drainage. Good air circulation is also important.
Average Germ Time: Scarify the seeds. Follow scarification by one month cold stratification before sowing.
Germination 28 - 35 days.
Light Required: Yes
Depth: Do not cover seeds
Sowing Rate: 1 - 2 seeds per plant
Moisture: Keep seeds moist until germination, bottom water tray
SF063 Rainbow Eucalyptus ( Eucalyptus deglupta )
Eucalyptus Deglupta is a tall tree, commonly known as the "rainbow eucalyptus", Mindanao Gum, or Rainbow Gum. The unique multi-hued bark is the most distinctive feature of the tree, it is considered to have the most colorful bark of any tree in the world. Patches of outer bark are shed annually at different times, showing a bright green inner bark. This then darkens and matures to give blue, purple, orange and then maroon tones.
Grown mostly in tropical settings. Winter hardy to USDA Zones 10-11 where this tree will grow well in rich, medium to wet soils in full sun. Intolerant of frost.
TRM506 Simply Rosemary ( Multi-seed pellets )
New! The easiest way to grow rosemary from seed, each pellet contains several rosemary seeds in one pellet, perfect in 5" pot. Makes starting rosemary seedlings ( which can be difficult for some ) super easy.
Each multi-seed herb pellet produces healthy rosemary plants for the windowsill or garden. Just one pellet fills a 5" inch pot fast, with no seed broadcasting or scoops across the soil.
TRM505 Simply Try Basil( Multi-seed pellets )
New! The easiest way to grow basil, each pellet contains a mix of Genovese, Serrated Leaf, and Red Basil strains in one pellet, semi-dwarf, perfect in 5-6" pot.
Provides just the right amount of seed for plugs or pots, an easy and economical way to grow this popular herb! Each multi-seed herb pellet produces three varieties of basil, Genovese, serrated and dark red. Just one pellet fills a 5-6 inch pot fast, with no seed broadcasting or scoops across the soil.
TRM502 Red Delicious F1 ( Personal Sized Melon )
Very prolific and vigorous personal size "hand" melon that is just right for 1 or 2 people. Rind is veined and thin, but tough. Red flesh is tender, juicy, and very sweet ( up to Briz 11 ), with brown seeds. Plants are widely adaptable to various soil types and seasons. Tolerant PM. 85 days.
IP126 Deep Purple Mustard
( Brassica juncea ). One of the darkest purple edible mustards available for baby leaf production. The leaves are milder tasting than Red Mustard and have a green underside.A delightful addition to salads, and a beautiful container plant too! Darkest of the purple mustards, with a milder flavor than red mustard. Baby leaves are ready after 25 days. Very good bolt tolerance. 45 days.
IP115 Baueri Palm Lily ( Cordyline baueri )
This is a great houseplant with outstanding color, that will limit it's size to the container it is grown in, and can be planted outside in warm climates.
Slender trunk is topped by a five foot wide crown holding clusters of rich burgundy red, sword-like leaves. Fragrant white flowers top the stems in early summer. Heat and drought tolerant when established. A superb specimen plant for landscape or patio container.
Plant in average, well-drained soil. Fertilize monthly with a balanced fertilizer (10-10-10). Cabbage Palms are hardy to Zone 8 (10 degrees ). In colder climates, they can be overwintered indoors. Before the first frost in fall, bring their container indoors or lift the clump of rhizomes with a spade or fork and pot up. Keep them in a cool location (35-50 degrees) for the winter.
BM74 Strawberry Spinach ( Chenopodium foliosum )
Highly novel, easy to grow plant, ideal for the border or patio containers or in the garden. Base branching with spiky foliage and stems which bear many edible, bright-red strawberry-like fruits through to early autumn.
A green that is grown and eaten like spinach before the small strawberry like fruits appear on the
stems of the plant. This plant has been around for over 400 years and was a favorite of English Monks long ago. Smaller,thinner leaves than ordinary spinach, with abundance of thumbnail size fruits which are tasty.
Useful cut material, grows 15" tall, ready in 12 weeks from seed. Annual.
PINE28 Pinyon Nut Pine ( Pinus edulis )
The perfect xeriscape plant that will in time produce the famous pinyon nuts for eating.
The pinyon (or pinon) pine group grows in the southwestern United States and in Mexico. The trees yield edible pinyon nuts, which were a staple of the Native Americans, and are still widely eaten. The wood, especially when burned, has a distinctive fragrance,making it a common wood to burn in chimineas
The pinyon (Pinus edulis) is the state tree of New Mexico (pinon in Spanish means nut pine), the trees are relatively small and rarely harvested for timber. However, pinyon nuts and firewood are in demand.
Pinyon is well adapted to the 9 to 15 inches of precipitation it normally receives in its native habitat and is one of the best native plants to use in a low-water use landscapes.
Pinyons grow best when planted in full sun and well-drained soil, at altitudes of 7,500 feet or less.
Just as severe drought stresses pinyons, so does excessive moisture after establishment. Avoid planting them in lawns, except buffalo grass or blue grama. Too much water makes them prone to other insects; established pinyons that receive precipitation only generally have few pest insect problems.
Pinyon needles are 1-2 inches long, medium to dark green, and borne in bundles of two or three. Pinyon cones open up to look like a brown rose. The nuts in the cones are widely sought after by both people and animals.
However, one pinyon in a landscape is unlikely to bear nuts, the shells will be light tan and empty due to lack of sufficient pollen ( a pack of ten seeds should produce several plants ). Where there are more pinyon trees in an area (more pollen), cones may develop chocolate brown shells with nuts. It takes several years for pinyons to reach the size and age necessary to develop cones. Additionally, cones and nuts are not borne every year, but only in years following conducive weather and precipitation.
Pinyon trees can be planted in groups to form a screen or windbreak, or singly as a focal point in the Xeriscape garden along with yarrow, Russian sage, purple coneflower, desert four o'clock and winecups.
USDA zones 5-8.
TRM404 Sancho Panza Spanish Lavender ( Lavandula Stoechas Sancho Panza )
Sancho Panza is a Spanish Lavender that can be grown as an annual or a perennial. It is winter hardy in USDA Zone 8 for wintering the plant outdoors. But, grow it in a container, and bring it into an enclosed porch or patio for zones that are colder.
Spanish Lavender herb plants have a dense, rounded, compact habit, and will be covered with blooms all summer long. It is cultivated for container use, and it is just the perfect size for a nice ornamental pot. Prefers full sun and moderately fertile soil that drains well. It is deer resistant, but the bees cannot leave it alone! The foliage is grayish green in color, and bloom spikes that are 4 - 5 inches have pine-cone-shaped blooms of dark purple. The blooms are highly scented.
SF111 Burning Bush ( Kochia Trichophylla )
An excellent way to add dramatic color to your flower beds and backgrounds, this feathery bush is pale green in the summer, but then transforms to an intense red in the fall. It is symmetrical and oval in form and makes an outstanding foliage plant. Truly one of a kind and brings a great addition to the flower garden.
It reaches 28 inches in height and looks great when grown as a hedge along the border or in groups of 3 for focal interest.
For areas with a long growing season, Kochia Burning Bush seeds can be started directly outdoors in a prepared seed bed. For earlier Kochia plants, start the seeds indoors. Transplant outdoors after danger of frost has passed. Plant in full sun. Annual.
TRM299 Habanera Mix Pelleted Seeds ( Bellis perennis )
Compact, very large flowers, mix of pink/white/red shades, excellent pot and basket plant. Pellets for easy sowing. Perennial, hardy to zone 4, grows 6 inches tall.
IP072 Blackberry Lily ( Belamcanda chinensis )
A wonderful perennial plant for zones 4-10 for cutting gardens, flower beds and mass plantings. Grows 24-36 inches tall and blooms all summer through fall.
Native to China and Japan. Also called Leopard Lily the plant has iris-like medium-green foliage with tall upright lives. This lily is long blooming and blooms with very showy deep-orange flowers 2 inches in diameter. The 6 petal flowers are spotted profoundly with red dots. Blackberry Lily features distinctive seed pods that look like blackberry seed clusters.
Normally planted in cutting gardens and shrub borders. When mass planted, Blackberry Lilies makes a remarkable display in any landscape. Leopard Lily is drought tolerant and likes to grow in full sun or light shade. The well-drained soil is preferable for the best performance. This variety of Blackberry Lily calls Freckle Face, and it is pest and disease resistant. The plant is an exceptional cut flower and can be dried too.
TRM298 Coffin Tree ( Taiwania cryptomerioides )
Also known as Taiwan Cedar. This is a must have ornamental tree for anyone living in zones 8-10, as it is a unique tree that is rarely found outside it's native range. Taiwania is an evergreen conifer in the cypress family and is related to the California redwoods. Features a conical to columnar crown, dark gray-brown bark that exfoliates in strips and dimorphic (having two forms) leaves.
Its light but durable wood is much in demand for making furniture, coffins ( hence common name ), construction and other items. It also makes an attractive ornamental for the larger temperate garden.
In the wild, this huge tree will grow over time to 180' tall or more and spread to 30-50 feet. In cultivation, it will grow much shorter, in fact, it actually makes a nice container plant when young. In 1904, it was discovered growing on the western slopes of Mt. Morrison, Taiwan by N. Konishi. It is native to Taiwan, hence the genus name.
Prickly, blue-green, leaves are sharp-pointed when they first appear, but become scale-like in appearance as the tree matures. Half inch cones do not appear until branches with flattened, scale-like leaves are produced. This tree resembles Cryptomeria japonica (Japanese red cedar), hence the specific epithet.
Best grown in moist, rich, acidic, well-drained soils in full sun. Tolerates light shade. Soils should not be allowed to dry out. Site in a location protected from winter winds.
1A442 Lakota ( Heirloom Winter Squash )
Sioux Indian heirloom, pear shape, flame orange with green streaks, 8 x 9", fine grain flesh, nutty taste, beautiful fall decoration, 95 days.
Lakota is as colorful as an Indian blanket with the fine baking quality of Hubbard.
You can store Lakota squash in a cool, dry place for three months or more after picking them. Leave about two inches of stem attached to the vegetables when you harvest them to prevent bacteria and mold spores from entering the stem end. Wash and dry the squash to remove excess soil and to prevent bringing pathogens into the storage area. The cut stem end will dry and form a "handle". Watch for scuffed places on the skin of the squash.
Scuffs and small scrapes will usually heal over by forming a pithy scab, which will keep bacteria out. If scrapes do not heal over, use those squash first so they don't spoil.
JF430 Lotti Deep Rose ( Arabis caucasica Lotti )
Uniform, tight, droopless mounding habit, early, strong non fading deep rose, filmcoated, grows about 6" tall. Perennial plant hardy to zone 7.
3451 African Wisteria Tree ( Bolusanthus speciousus )
In full bloom, Bolusanthus speciosus creates a display of unequalled splendor. This spectacular small to medium sized tree with graceful drooping branches, covers itself with trusses of fragrant, violet-blue flowers throughout spring and early summer.
Although it is deciduous, the Tree wisteria is only without leaves for a short time in early spring. The conspicuous dark, brownish black trunk, offsets the light green leaves and the magnificent flowers to perfection.
It is a protected species in South Africa which means that no wild specimens may be damaged, cut down or removed.
The unsurpassed beauty of the Tree wisteria as well as the non invasive root system makes this one of the most successful garden trees. Bolusanthus speciosus is perfect for enhancing any area where space is at a premium and is the perfect choice for townhouse gardens. This magnificent tree looks stunning in a mixed border to add colour and height or as a single specimen on a lawn or alongside a patio.
When planted in a group of 3 or 5 the effect is superb while an avenue of these lovely trees along a driveway or street is always a showstopper. When planted in large pots the Tree wisteria creates a stunning focal point for patios and paved areas. This tree is very popular with Bonsai enthusiasts.
The beautiful, hard wood of Bolusanthus speciosus is used to make excellent quality furniture and household articles. Being termite resistant, the straight stems are used for fence posts. Both the roots and parts of the bark are used medicinally to treat ailments such as various stomach problems and abdominal cramps.
Winter Hardiness: 25-30°F
IP053 Seed-A-Plenty Dill ( Anethum graveolens )
Wow! This dill plant is the best we have ever tried for harvesting lots of seeds for flavoring foods and pickling, early, high seed yield, nice aniseed flavor. Grows about 24" tall, can be started inside, or directly in the garden after frost.
IP048 Apricot Beauty Foxglove ( Digitalis purpurea )
Unusual apricot orange color distinguishes this specimen plant. Apricot Beauty with its pastel shades of apricot to orange is lightly spotted and the best choice for a Digitalis for the south. The blooms on tall stalks make a majestic appearance in the perennial garden.
This is a wonderful perennial plant for several reasons: It does good in containers, it is deer resistant, it attracts hummingbirds and bees, it is good for cut flowers, does well in both sun and partial shade.
Grows about 50" tall, good for zones 5-9.
IP049 Dwarf Vanilla Foxglove ( Digitalis purpurea )
Dense spikes of cream-colored gloves bloom May-July. As with most foxgloves, it does good in containers, it is deer resistant, it attracts hummingbirds and bees, it is good for cut flowers, does well in both sun and partial shade.
Grows about 30" tall, good for zones 5-9.
TRM280 Alpine Carline Thistle ( Carlina acaulis simplex Bronze )
Also known as Weather Thistle. A tough but beautiful perennial for zones 3-9. An ornamental foliage plant suitable for the rock garden, as a background plant or for cutting flowers.
Stemless, or short-stemmed, pure white blossoms with silver bracts when mature. Open on dry days, closed in the evenings and rainy days, hence the common name, Weather Thistle. Long-lasting dried flowers.
Plants grow 4 to 8 inches tall and 12 inches wide. Grow in well drained- dry soils in full sun.
RLP102 Bird's Nest Anthurium ( Anthurium schlechtendalii )
A beautiful foliage Anthurium native to Mexico and Belize. This is an exotic tropical plant that is widely grown for its beautiful leaves. It has a vase shape composed of bright green leaves more than six feet long and two feet wide on mature plants.
The inconspicuous inflorescence, which has a ripe banana-like fragrance, produces showy red fruit.
Easy to grow from seeds and makes an excellent container plant that is easily cared for.
In native region this is a rainforest medicine plant that was commonly used by the ancient Maya culture in Central America to treat pain and swelling in muscles and joints, rheumatism, backaches, etc. The Maya indians in Belize still use the leaves in their steam bath rituals.
Use as a tropical landscape accent in a wind protected garden in zones 9 or higher or as a container plant for patios in cooler zones.
FDR105 Ohio Buckeye ( Aesculus pavia )
The state tree of Ohio. A nice specimen tree growing 20-40 feet tall and wide when mature. Dark green leaves colors and defoliates early in fall with color ranges from yellow to red-brown; usually pumpkin orange. Fragrant flowers in spring.
Native Americans reportedly called the fruit of this tree "hetuck" meaning eye-of-the-buck in reference to the supposed resemblance of the shiny dark mahogany brown fruit to the eye of a buck deer. The common name of buckeye evolved therefrom. Ohio buckeye is native from western Pennsylvania to Iowa south to Alabama and Arkansas.
The fruits are rich in saponins, which are poisonous to humans, though not particularly dangerous because they are not easily ingested. Squirrels love them and will quickly gather the nuts as soon as they fall.
USDA zones 3-7.
TRM269 Puzzle Bush ( Ehretia rigida )
A deciduous small tree or shrub, usually multistemmed, with an untidy rounded crown. It has tangled branches which arch downwards or droop giving it a unique look and it's name.
Outside it can grow up to 25 feet in height. The bark is very smooth and grey on new branches and rough on older branches and stems. The plant has an alternate leaf arrangement but the leaves seem to grow together in clusters at the tips of its short branches. The leaves can be smooth or covered with stiff hairs that are rough to the touch.
The flowers grow in dense clusters on the branches. These pale mauve, blue or white flowers can only be seen in spring with male and female flowers on different plants. They are sweetly scented. The fruits are round, orange to red, turning black when ripe and are eaten by wild animals. Parasitic plants, such as the mistletoe, Viscum rotundifolium, are often found on the puzzle bush.
The plant is very attractive to birds and insects and is therefore a wonderful addition to the wildlife garden. It can be pruned to make a shape and can also be used as a hedge in a garden. Ripe fruits of this plant are edible.
For traditional, medicinal purposes, the roots are powdered and used to treat small cuts in the skin. It is used over the abdomen and chest to relieve pains and is also used to treat gall sickness in cattle. The plant is believed to bring luck to hunters and is also used to protect huts and crops from hail. Hunters use branches of this plant to make hunting bows and fishing baskets because they are strong and flexible.
The puzzle bush is becoming very popular as a garden plant because it is hardy and drought resistant. . Use river sand or a mixture of river sand and compost to sow the seedlings.
Zone 9 or grow inside in warm greenhouses in tubs and place outside on patio or deck during warm months.
IP041 Red Lady Papaya ( Carica papaya )
An early and productive fruiter, Red Lady is an excellent papaya for southern gardens or as a tropical container fruiting plant in the north. The dwarf tree starts to flower and set fruit during the second year when the plant reaches 4' tall. It can fruit the first year, if grown in high light with an extended growing season. Red Lady is a self-fertile hybrid whose fruits often weigh 3-5 pounds. Two-pound fruits are more common for container grown plants. The oblong papaya is orange-red, sweet and juicy when ripe. Rich in vitamins A, C and other nutrients, it also contains papain, an enzyme that aids in the digestion of protein. Harvest the fruit when the skin yields slightly to the touch and changes from green to yellow. You'll notice a sweet, delicious aroma when it's fully ripe. Green papayas are sometimes shredded and used in salads or stews. Grow in full sun and well-drained soil.
Hardy to Zone 10 and higher for outdoors.
Full sun, grows to 8' in container, minimum temperature 50°, blooms in spring.
6002 Dichondra Repens
This is a perennial ground cover plant which has a prostrate or creeping growth habit with circular leaves and entire margins that is grown from Dichondra seed.
It grows very close to the ground, (usually not over 2 inches tall) and is a warm season fast growing ground cover. It is adapted to warmer climates, but will retain its striking green color during winter temperatures as low as 20 to 25 degrees Fahrenheit with only slight leaf browning. Dichondra has broad, almost circular leaves (looks similar to clover) and when mowed low establishes a thick dense carpet look. Dichondra is now used in many ground cover situations where normal grasses may not do as well.
It has a bright green color and a very good feel underfoot.
Dichondra is highly resistant to diseases and will grow in partial shade to full sun. Beautiful in landscaping areas of no maintenance where adapted, and does not need to be mowed.
When used in lawn situations it can be mowed for an even, smooth finish. Dichondra Repens is commonly called Kidney Weed, Dichondra Pony Foot, or Lawn Leaf. It grows so easily from ground cover seeds that it can be used as a lawn alternative to create a Dichondra Repens lawn.
Best for zones 7-11.
Click here for Detailed Growing Instructions for Dichondra
IP037 Belizean Red Ponytail Palm ( Beaucarnea pliabilis )
An excellent houseplant and patio plant for containers. The new leaves emerge bright red turning green as they mature. Very similiar in appearance to B. recurvata but is slower growing and more cold hardy. Native to southern Mexico (Yucatan peninsula) and Belize. It is actally a succulent, not a palm and is related to Agave and Yucca. It is a popular landscape item in tropical regions. Makes a spectacular accent plant that blends well into either tropical or arid gardens. Cold hardy to zone 8b outside when mature, but easily grown inside if given bright light.
IP028 Carpathian Blue ( Campanula carpatica )
A tidy bun of blue flowers summer to fall. Large, double flowers bloom in a profusion blue colors on compact plants. Suitable for the front of the border, for edging and rock gardens. Prefers cool, moist, fertile soil with good organic content. Good for Cut Flowers. Good for zones 4-8.
IP029 Carpathian White ( Campanula carpatica )
Good for Containers
A tidy bun of white flowers summer to fall. Low, mounding perennial covered in pure white, bell shaped flowers through the summer. Perfect for low borders, rock gardens or container. Does well in any well drained garden soil. Does well in containers. Good for Cut Flowers. Good for zones 4-8.
IP027 Pretty Betsy ( Centranthus ruber )
A fragrant variety of Jupiter's Beard. A wonderful, fragrant perennial for bedding and cut flowers.
Deep red variety, fragrant flower clusters over blue gray leaves, flowers first year, drought tolerant.
Free flowering dense red terminal clusters are highly fragrant and provide long lasting cut flowers. Zones 4-9.
IP026 Chinese Holly Grape ( Mahonia lomariifolia )
Referred to as the Chinese Holly Grape (due to its holly-like appearance and grape-like fruit) or the Burmese mahonia. Evergreen shrub, 6-12 feet tall, very erect, may be single or multistemmed, stems little branched.
This narrow, tall plant bears long green leaves, which cluster near the stem ends. The thick, glossy leaves come in great contrast to the stunning blue berries that cover the plant in spring and the autumn/winter blossom of fragrant lemon-yellow flowers. The berries can even be made into a scrumptious jam.
Year-round it offers sweet fragrances.
Will grow in part shade, especially in the afternoon, likes moist, well drained soil. May need protection from cold in much of the Pacific Northwest. Used as a specimen plant. Hardy to USDA Zone 7. Native to Burma (Myanmar), western China and Taiwan.
JF404 Flush of White ( Verbascum phoeniceum )
Slender stems carry translucent white disc shaped flowers that open in groups all the way up. At the base is a rosette of broad deep green leaves. Flowers first year, gorgeous. Grows 24" tall, hardy to zone 5.
JF405 Antique Rose ( Verbascum phoeniceum )
Long blooming spikes, fashionable rose color. At the base is a rosette of broad deep green leaves. Flowers first year, gorgeous. Grows 36" tall, hardy to zone 5.
JF402 Blue Eyes ( Chaenorrhinum origanifolium )
Compact mound, covered in mid blue flowers with white eyes, for small pots and bedding, grows about 18" tall, hardy to zone 6. Loves heat, blooms first year from seed.
IP025 Geisha Girl Calendula ( Calendula Officinalis )
Sow this beautiful flower seed and forget! It's easy and rewarding to establish in any garden. Notable for its striking double rich orange-red flowers. It has curved petals similar to some chrysanthemum. Geisha Girl has oval foliage that is light green. A common name for Calendula is Pot Marigold.
Calendula flower seed produces a hardy plant. It is happy in most soil conditions. It requires well-drained soil, preferring full sun to semi-shade. Calendula is attractive to bees, butterflies and birds. An annual plant growing to about 20 inches tall. For outside flower beds in zones 4-10. Deer resistant as well.
IP024 Dragonfly Mix Aquilegia ( Aquilegia caerulea )
Dwarf hybrids, blue, yellow, red, pink, white growing about 18" tall. Multi-colour mixture is larger flowered and later blooming than Songbird varieties. Shade Tolerant, Low Maintenance, Frost Tolerant. Perennial hardy from zones 3-8b.
IP023 Campanula Cup and Saucer Rose ( Campanula medium calycanthema )
Dainty cuplike flowers standing on a saucer-like calyx, very old fashioned and still the newest fashion. A perennial hardy to zone 4, will grow about 32 inches tall.
IP015 Bianca White ( Agrostemma Githago )
These medium to tall flowering annuals have long, softly hairy leaves and large 1-1/2 inch white flowers. The flowers form singly on a long stem and sway in the slightest breeze. The flowers are followed by a straw colored flask-like seed head containing large, black, rough textured seed.
Agrostemma Bianca White Agrostemma Githago can be grown in the cottage garden with cornflowers and poppies or sprinkled among other favorite flowers. Agrostemma attracts bees and hummingbirds to the garden, and it is a great cut flower. The plant is an annual, but it will self-seed it and provide even more flowers the following year. The plant is easy to grow, and it is excellent for beginner gardeners. Grows 36" tall.